PRETERIST ESCHATOLOGY

BEFORE I GET INTO THAT LET ME RUN THIS BY YOU…

BALFOUR DECLARATION 1917 <<< was part of the Zionist plot, along with C.I. Schofield and John Darby’s Dispensationalism Futurism Eschatology from 1800s, was a plot to get Christians to support a Jewish State in Palestine!

NOW BACK ON POINT HERE…….

I’m not here to argue or debate, just drop something for you to ponder and consider. As well as offer a bit of hope that our destiny is still in our hands. Many Christians do not understand Biblical Eschatology from a first century standpoint because none of their pastors, preachers or teachers taught them first century history. It’s also a well known fact that a lot of the Futurist Dispensationalist Eschatology nonsense was started in the 1800s by John Darby and C.I. Schofield (who were working with Zionists to get Christians to support the Jewish Takeover of Palestine). Then we had the Balfour Declaration of 1917 which was an official letter made to Lord Rothschild that the British would help create this Jewish state in Palestine. We see what has happened ever since.

But without further adieu here are some of my notes on Preterism. It goes deeper than this, but this will really open your eyes to things you never thought of or considered before.

*PART 1 A BREAKDOWN OF BIBLICAL ESCHATOLOGY BELOW*


(Keep in mind, I am not a Christian, as I believe the Bible was written AFTER all these events occurred [Post-diction or Vaticinium Ex Eventu], which made it seem as if Jesus and the disciples were predicting them to happen, when in reality, the events happened FIRST, and then later Christian authors wrote them into the Bible, as if they were being prophesied about beforehand. Get it?)

The Anti-Christ 666 Beast was Nero Caesar (Roman Emperor from 54-68AD). His name added up to 600-60-6 (666) in Hebrew Gematria. His name also added up to 616 in Latin, which was the number for the Beast in St. Jerome’s Latin Vulgate version. Roman Historian Suetonius wrote ‘Lives of the Twelve Caesars.’ He describes Nero ‘acting’ very much like a ‘beast.’

“Nero created a game, in which they put an animal cloak (BEAST outfit) on Nero and then put Nero in a cage. While Nero was in the cage, they tied males and females up to a stake. They released Nero from the cage and Nero ravaged and mauled them (mainly their genitals) as if he were a wild animal or BEAST.” 

Nero also claimed to be the Sun God Apollo and according to some scholars, he was the first to implement the ‘Sacrifice to Caesar’ where he forced everyone in the world to burn a pinch of incense between their fingers and throw it on an altar (leaving a ‘MARK’ in their hand). Then they had to declare with their mouth ‘CAESAR IS LORD.’ Upon doing this, you were given a Libellus, which was a papyrus certificate you needed in order to ‘BUY AND SELL.’

if it was a tattooing or a branding that is meant, this would not be the first time that Israelites had this happen to them. For example, 3rd Maccabees 2 says that when Ptolemy Philopator conquered the Jews, he forced the survivors to be branded with the sign of his religion. His edict said this: “those who are registered are also to be branded on their bodies by fire with the ivy-leaf symbol of Dionysus” (3 Mac 2:29).

Also, Caesar’s own soldiers voluntarily branded themselves with his name or his symbol as a mark of loyalty, submission, and belonging. Barclay speaks of evidence that soldiers were branded on the hand with the name of their general. These marks are generally called stigmata. Aelian says that soldiers bear their stigmata on their hands: and Ambrose goes onto say that soldiers are signed with the name of their general. 

Apollonius of Tyana (15-100AD ; Greek Philosopher) specifically states that Nero Caesar was called a ‘Beast.’ Apollonius writes, “In my travels, which have been wider than every man yet accomplished, I have seen many, many wild beasts of Arabia and India; but this beast, that is commonly called a Tyrant, I know not how many heads it has, nor if it be crooked of claw, and armed with horrible fangs.. And of wild beasts you cannot say that they were ever known to eat their own mother, but Nero has gorged himself on this diet.”

Slavery in Rome existed early on in its developing stages. For example, in the campaign against the Gauls (59 to 51 BC) it is reported that Julius Caesar and his army captured over a million people and turned them into slaves. Roman slave-masters would use a hot branding tool to imprint their name into the FOREHEADS of their slaves. New slave recruits all the way to gladiators in gladiator schools had Roman tattoos (stigma, from where the English word stigmatized derives) applied as an identifying mark on the face, legs and hands. After Emperor Constantine converted to Christianity, a law was passed in 319AD that made it illegal for slave-masters to brand their slaves on the face and instead had to put their mark (hot branded tattoo) on the hands and legs.

The Roman Siege on Jerusalem WAS the 2nd Coming of Christ, which lasted from 66-73AD (7 year Tribulation – which John the Revelator says he was already in Tribulation when writing to the 7 Churches). Jesus came back through the Roman armies to execute judgment on ‘THAT’ generation (Just as Jesus said he would do in Matthew 23 and Matthew 24), not a generation thousands of years into the future. Jesus even said that he would return before some of his 12 disciples tasted physical death(Matthew 16 : 27-28) and before his disciples had gone through the cities of Israel (Matthew 10 : 23). Then you have all the Apostles making these declarations :

*IT’S THE LAST HOUR*

*THE TIME IS AT HAND*

*IT’S AT THE DOOR*

*HE WHO IS COMING WILL COME WITHOUT DELAY*

*HE COMES QUICKLY*

*HE IS COMING SOON*

*DON’T TAKE A WIFE BECAUSE THE TIME IS ‘SHORT’*

etc.. so you see here, even the Apostles themselves were convinced that Christ would come back in their own generation. Proper Biblical Eschatology also, would’ve already had Satan and his minions destroyed in the Lake of Fire by the end of the 1st Century (Paul said in Romans 16 : 20 that Satan would shortly be destroyed under their feet).

*In Matthew 24 Jesus said the gospel would be preached throughout the WHOLE WORLD, then the end (of the age) would come*

COMPARE TO : (Colossians 1:6 ; 1 : 23 ; Romans 10 : 18 ; Acts 2:5 – Paul said the gospel had already been preached and was bearing fruit throughout the whole world while he himself was alive) 

Colossians 1:6 ;23 “..the gospel is bearing fruit and growing throughout the whole world–just as it has been doing among you since the day you heard it and truly understood God’s grace. This is the gospel that you heard and that has been proclaimed to every creature under heaven, and of which I, Paul, have become a servant.”

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*In Matthew 24:7 Jesus said that there’d be earthquakes and famines in various places*

COMPARE TO: 

Acts11 which says “One of them, named Agabus, stood up and through the Spirit predicted that a severe famine would spread over the entire Roman world. (This happened during the reign of Claudius.)” Many historians also wrote about earthquakes between 30AD and 70AD (the year of the destruction of the Jewish Temple) 

1. a great earthquake in Crete, A.D. 46 or 47;

2. one at Rome on the day when Nero assumed the manly toga, A.D. 51;

3. one at Apamaea in Phrygia, mentioned by Tacitus, A.D. 53;

4. one at Laodicea in Phrygia, A.D. 60;

5. one in Campania. Seneca, in the year, A.D. 58, writes:—“How often have cities of Asia and Achaea fallen with one fatal shock! Show many cities have been swallowed up in Syria, how many in Macedonia! How often has Cyprus been wasted by this calamity! How often has Paphos become a ruin!News has often been brought us of the demolition of whole cities at once.”

6. Flavius Josephus (Jewish Historian ; 37-100AD), an eyewitness to the events surrounding Jerusalem’s destruction, describes an earthquake in Judea of such magnitude “that the constitution of the universe was confounded for the destruction of men.” Josephus goes on to write that the Judean earthquake was “no common” calamity, indicating that God Himself had brought it about for a special purpose. 

7. Then of course the ‘supposed’ huge earthquake in Acts 16, which allowed Paul and Silas to go free. 

—- 

Matthew 24 Jesus said, “For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be.”

COMPARE TO JOSEPHUS  : 

Preface, War of the Jews, verse 4 says :

“…because it had so come to pass, that our city Jerusalem had arrived at a higher degree of felicity than any other city under the Roman government, and yet at last fell into the sorest of calamities again. Accordingly, it appears to me that the misfortunes of all men, from the beginning of the world, if they be compared to these of the Jews are not so considerable as they were;while the authors of them were not foreigners neither. This makes it impossible for me to contain my lamentations. But if any one be inflexible in his censures of me, let him attribute the facts themselves to the historical part, and the lamentations to the writer himself only.” (end)

Josephus uses the same verbiage as Jesus (it appears the misfortunes of all men, FROM THE BEGINNING OF THE WORLD, are not to be compared to this Roman siege on Jerusalem, etc.)! Essentially, Josephus was writing about how bad it was for the Jews, and the ‘Bible’ was supposed to have been predicting it beforehand (Jesus prophesying about what was coming within 40 years after his death. This would fulfill what Jesus said about THAT GENERATION not passing away until all those things be fulfilled in Matthew 23-24).

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*Matthew 24 Jesus also said that there’d be wars and rumors of wars*

This could obviously be applied to any generation, but it was distinct in the first century because Augustus (Octavian) Caesar (the nephew of Julius Caesar ; Julius adopted him as his own son – 63BC-14AD) brought peace to the entire Roman World from 30BC to 180AD. It was known as ‘Pax Romana.’ So when wars, especially civil wars (including the Roman-Jewish War of 66-73AD) broke out all over the empire in the 1st Century, it would’ve been a nuanced ‘sign’ for the audience Jesus would’ve been addressing.

——

*PART 2 JOSEPHUS (37-100AD ; JEWISH HISTORIAN) SAID THE 1ST CENTURY JEWS WERE MORE WICKED THAN BOTH SODOM AND THE PEOPLE OF NOAH’S DAY (SOUND FAMILIAR?)*


Jesus sent his disciples out to specifically go preach to the cities of Israel, not to the Samaritans or the gentiles (Matthew 10:5) and told them that if anyone in these cities did not receive them, to just wipe the dust off their feet as a testimony of judgment upon them and that the judgment that came upon Sodom would be less severe than what was coming upon those 1st Century cities in Israel. Jesus says that those days (when he would come back in judgment) would be as the days of Noah (Matt 24:37-39 and Luke 17:26). So it would be those first century cities who did not listen to the disciples, that would be judged, not cities thousands of years later!

Jesus also states that had the miracles done in Chorazin and Bethsaida (cities on the northern shore of the Sea of Galilee) been done in Tyre and Sidon, that these two wicked cities would have repented, (in the OT, Tyre and Sidon were prophesied against in Isaiah 23; Jeremiah 25; 27; 47; Ezekiel 26–28; Joel 3; Amos 1:9–10;  Zechariah 9:1–4 and it was Nebuchadnezzar who besieged Tyre from 585–572BC and Alexander the Great conquered Tyre in 322 BC, completely destroying the city. The Persian king Artaxerxes conquered Sidon), thus,Jesus is exclaiming that the Jews of the 1st century (if they rejected his disciples) would have a harsher judgment in their 1st Century city, than Sodom (or Tyre and Sidon) did on the day of theirs (Matt 10:5-23 ;Matt 11:22-24 ; Luke 10:12-14).

Revelation 11:8 says that the city [1st Century Jerusalem] was also figuratively called “Sodom” and Egypt (the 1st Century Jews specifically in and around Jerusalem had become the very evil people and wicked cities that god had destroyed before, hence, Revelation refers to 1st Century Jerusalem as Egypt and Sodom). How do we know it’s 1st Century Jerusalem? Revelation 18 identifies this Babylon FIVE TIMES as that “Great City.”  In chapter 11, the “Great City” is identified as the city “where also our Lord was crucified.” (Jesus was crucified in Jerusalem).

Notice John is initially told that this “Great City” is spiritually called “Sodom and Egypt.”  In the Bible, there is only ONE city that is ever spiritually designated as “Sodom.”  (Isaiah 1, Ezekiel 16, Ezekiel 23).

In Deuteronomy 32:32, Yahweh said that in Israel’s Last Days, she would become the VINE OF SODOM and in Galatians 4:22, Paul identifies Old Covenant Jerusalem as Hagar who was the EGYPTIAN Bondwoman in Genesis 21:9-10.

COMPARE TO THIS :

We see similar sentiments made by Josephus in his historical annals, where Roman Emperor Vespasian Caesar and his son Titus wage war on Jerusalem [66-73AD] and all the Jewish cities surrounding it, razing them to the ground. Josephus says the very same thing as Jesus here that these [1st Century] Jews were more evil and wicked than Sodom or the ancient world with Noah before the flood or even the Jews who were delivered out of Egypt and then rebelled in the wilderness against Moses. Josephus says this in Wars 5.13.6 below :

“I suppose that had the Romans made any longer delay in coming against these villains, that the city [Jerusalem] would either have been swallowed up by the ground opening upon them, or been overflowed by water; or else been destroyed by such thunder, as the country of Sodom perished by. For it had brought forth a generation of men much more atheistical than were those that suffered such punishments. For by their madness it was that all the people came to be destroyed.”

Also, in Wars 7.7, the Jewish Zealot Leader of the Sicarii, Eleazar Ben Zair, is making a valiant speech to his people, since there was no hope left during the siege of Masada. In his monologue, he tells them to look upon the outright destruction of Jerusalem and other parts of Israel, at the hands of the Romans. He describes Jerusalem as the “Great City” :

“And where is now that great city, the metropolis [Jerusalem] of the Jewish nation? Which was fortified by so many walls round about; which had so many fortresses, and large towers to defend it; which could hardly contain the instruments prepared for the war; and which had so many ten thousands of men to fight for it? Where is this city that was believed to have God himself inhabiting therein? It is now demolished to the very foundations: and hath nothing but that monument of it preserved; I mean the camp of those that hath destroyed it: which still dwells upon its ruins. Some unfortunate old men also lie upon the ashes of the temple;…”

A side-note here on this, Tyre and Sidon were actually attacked during the Roman siege in 66-73AD as well. Joseph Atwill (author of ‘Caesar’s Messiah’) says that Luke’s prophecy concerning Capernaum foresees the total annihilation of the Jewish rebels in Book three of Wars and the relatively less destructive events against Tyre and Sidon earlier in the war against the Jews [66-73AD] :

Josephus, “Wars 3”

8. The people of the country call it Capernaum [northern shore of Galilee Sea ; Bethsaida and Chorazin region]… 

9.…one might see the lake all bloody, and full of bodies, for not one of them escaped… The number of the slain,… was six thousand and five hundred. 

Jewish Wars Book 2.5.478-479 (lesser judgment)

Tyre : Jews were killed but a greater number placed in prison…

Sidon : Jews were spared…

*Josephus “Wars 5.10.5” says this about the massacre of the 1st century Jews in Israel:*
“…neither did any other city ever suffer such miseries; nor did any age ever breed a generation more fruitful in wickedness than this was, from the beginning of the world.”
(Compare to Jesus in Matthew 24:21) 

*Josephus “Wars 6.9.4” says this about Rome surrounding Jerusalem in 70AD while they were celebrating Passover (Jews had come from all over the world to celebrate):*
“Now this vast multitude is indeed collected out of remote places. But the entire nation was now shut up by fate, as in prison; and the Roman army encompassed the city [Jerusalem] when it was crowded with inhabitants. Accordingly the multitude of those that therein perished exceeded all the destructions that either men or God ever brought upon the world.”
(Compare this also to Luke 19:43) 

*Josephus ‘Wars 6.6.2’ says [Roman General Titus speaking to the Jews about all the good things Rome did for them]:*
“And, what is our chief favour of all, we have given you [Jews] leave to gather up that tribute which is paid to God; with such other gifts that are dedicated to him. Nor have we called those that carried these donations to account; nor prohibited them. Till at length you became richer than we [Romans] were ourselves, even when you were our enemies: and you made preparations for war against us with our own money. Nay, after all, when you were in the enjoyment of all these advantages, you turned your too great plenty against those that gave it you: and like merciless serpents have thrown out your poison against those that treated you kindly.”

*Josephus “Wars 7.1.1” says [about the great fame and magnificance of Jerusalem around the world and its destruction]:*
“But for all the rest of the wall, it was so thoroughly laid even with the ground, by those that dug it up to the foundation, that there was left nothing to make those that came thither believe it had ever been inhabited. This was the end which Jerusalem came to, by the madness of those that were for innovations. A city otherwise of great magnificence, and of mighty fame among all mankind.”

*(Compare this to Revelation 17 and Revelation 18 ~ 1st Century Jerusalem is implied in these chapters as the Whore of Babylon sitting on the Beast which was Rome. Josephus says that Jerusalem had become the wealthiest nation in the entire Roman Empire,which is why Revelation talks about the Whore being adorned in splendor with riches, scarlet, gold, jewels, etc.. but then she falls to the sorest of calamities, which would cause the nations to weep and wail from afar, since they had commerce with Jerusalem [Revelation 18:9-16]. So we see the enigma or metaphor here of the beast [Rome] turning on the Whore [1st Century Jerusalem] and devouring her and burning her with fire. Remember when Pontius Pilate asked the Jews if Jesus was their king and they all shouted WE HAVE NO KING BUT CAESAR! [John 19:15], this reference explains the symbology of how the Jews were subjugated to Rome [Harlot Jerusalem riding upon the Beast Rome], but in the end, Rome turns on Jerusalem and destroys their city and burns her with fire).*

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*PART 3 – REVELATION 6 BLACK HORSE RIDER (ONE OF FOUR HORSEMEN OF APOCALYPSE) AND A DAY’S WAGE FOR LITTLE WHEAT AND BARLEY ALSO PALE HORSE WILD BEASTS*

Revelation 6 talks about the four horsemen of the apocalypse and the Black Horse rider rides with scales in its hands,to represent the famine and poor economic situation.Revelation 6:5-6 “And when the Lamb opened the third seal, I heard the third living creature say, “Come!” Then I looked and saw a black horse, and its rider held in his hand a pair of scales.And I heard what sounded like a voice from among the four living creatures, saying, “A quart of wheat for a denarius, and three quarts of barley for a denarius, and do not waste the oil and wine.” 

COMPARE TO : 

Josephus (Jewish Historian ; 37-100AD) also described a sacrilegious act involving oil and wine (none was wasted). It was carried out by one of the Zealot leaders, John Levi of Gischala in ‘Wars 5.13.6’ :

“But as for John, when he could no longer plunder the people, he betook himself to sacrilege, and melted down many of the sacred utensils,which had been given to the temple; as also many of those vessels which were necessary for such as ministered about holy things, the caldrons,the dishes, and the tables; nay, he did not abstain from those pouring vessels that were sent them by Augustus and his wife; for the Roman emperors did ever both honor and adorn this temple; whereas this man,who was a Jew, seized upon what were the donations of foreigners, and said to those that were with him, that it was proper for them to use Divine things, while they were fighting for the Divinity, without fear, and that such whose warfare is for the temple should live of the temple;on which account he emptied the vessels of that sacred wine and oil,which the priests kept to be poured on the burnt-offerings, and which lay in the inner court of the temple, and distributed it among the multitude, who, in their anointing themselves and drinking, used [each of them] above an hin (5.5 Quarts) of them.”

— 

Josephus in Wars 5.13.7, says that the famine had been so bad in Jerusalem during the Roman siege (66-73AD), that a medimnus (about 60 liters or quarts) of wheat sold for a Hebrew Talent (6,000 to 8,000 Denarius). Here is the full passage,

“As also that a medimnus of wheat, was sold fora talent: and that when, a while afterward, it was not possible to gather herbs, by reason the city was all walled about…” 

— 

And Josephus says this about barley and wheat in ‘Wars 5.10.2’ :
“Many there were indeed who sold what they had for one measure; it was of wheat, if they were of the richer sort; but of barley, if they were poorer. When these had so done, they shut themselves up in the inmost rooms of their houses, and ate the corn they had gotten; some did it without grinding it, by reason of the extremity of the want they were in, and others baked bread of it, according as necessity and fear dictated to them: a table was nowhere laid for a distinct meal, but they snatched the bread out of the fire, half-baked, and ate it very hastily.”

(So here you see, both John in the Bible and Josephus the Historian spoke of the great difficulty that people had, during the famine of 70 AD, just to obtain wheat and barley. They had to spend a day’s wage, or sell all that they had, just to obtain one measure. Notice that both John and Josephus singled out these same two food items). 

In Rev 19:11-16 Jesus rides a “horse” with a “robe dipped in blood” as “He treads the winepress of God’s wrath.” This image of blood flowing to a horse’s bridle depicts Jesus coming in judgment on Israel in Rev 19.

During the siege of Gerizzim, many Samaritans “died that day from the heat” (Wars 3.7.32) fulfilling Rev 16:8-9: “the sun scorched people” and “they were seared by the intense heat.”

During this massacre, the Romans pushed many Jews into the bloody water where they drowned (swallowed water into their lungs). Here we see how the Jews were given “blood to drink.” (Rev 16:6)

The Romans killed 15,000 Jews from Gadara at the Jordan River. (Wars 4.7.4-6) Here one can see how “the rivers” “became blood.” (Rev 16:4)

Also, in Revelation 6:8 it states that the Pale Horse was given the ability to kill men in a few different ways, one of which was using the wild beasts. During the long monologue of Eleazar (Leader of Sicarii) in the fortress of Masada (c. 73AD) when the Romans were about to capture them, the different ways in which Jews had been killed or tortured during the Roman-Jewish War. He says this below in Wars 7.7 :

“Those men who fell in battle may fitly be felicitated, for they died defending, not betraying, liberty; but the multitudes in Roman hands who would not pity? Who would not rush to his death ere he shared their fate? Of them some have perished on the rack or tortured by fire and scourge; others, half-devoured by wild beasts have been preserved alive to provide them with a second repast, after affording merriment and sport for their foes. But most miserable of all must be reckoned those still alive, who have often prayed for death and are denied the boon.”

Also, compare that last sentence to Revelation 9:6, which states that during that time period, men sought death but could not find it. Eleazar says that many Jews were praying for death, but it did not come. Revelation 9 also portrays the armies of Titus, besieging Jerusalem, which lasted roughly 5 months (from the month of Nisan [March-April] to the month of Elul [August] in the year of 70AD). The Romans fought in many areas of Israel, but it was this 5 months period in 70AD that defined the war (starting around the feast of Passover, when all the Jews from every nation had come to celebrate, and the Romans built walls around the city, trapping them inside). This is the exact amount of time given in Revelation 9:5, where the locusts could scourge and torment men.

John follows the precedence set by the prophet Joel, who in a similar vision describes the Assyrian or Babylonian army invading Israel as a swarm of locusts. The first half of this verse is a virtual quote of Joel 2:4. This fact suggests that these locusts may again refer to human soldiers on horseback. Similar imagery is also found in Job 39:19-20; Isaiah 33:2-4; Jeremiah 8:16; 46:22-23; Amos 7:1; and Nahum 3:14-17.

Moving to the next half of the verse, these locusts are said to wear crowns of gold and have human faces.  J. Massyngerde Ford believes that these crowns of gold “may be borrowed from the bronze helmets of the Roman legionaires which were burnished with gold.”  Furthermore, high ranking Roman cavalry often wore masks sometimes ornately adorned with crowns or laurel wreaths.  Many of these masks were adorned with long hair, hence “the hair of women” in v. 8. Below is an example of one such mask worn in the middle of the first century.



Above one can see how the faces of these locust soldiers resembled that of a man wearing a golden crown. Roman war horses also wore armor guards over their heads. These armor guards made the horses appear as if they were wearing crowns in fulfillment of v. 7. These armor guards could be very ornate containing reliefs of women, lion heads, or human faces with crowns just to name a few possibilities.

The woman’s hair of the constellation Virgo and the “Hair of Berenice” resembles the mane of the horses ridden in battle. It also seems to point to the long horse hair worn on some Roman cavalry helmets at the time. Roman auxiliary cavalry troops also often wore long hair over their masks. Perhaps some of the cavalry that attacked Israel in the first century wore such helmets? Above is a relief dating to the end of the second century B.C. depicting a high-ranking Roman cavalry officer wearing a helmet with a horse-hair plume. Notice that the long hair of the helmet resembles a woman’s hair tied into a ponytail.

“Their hair was like woman’s hair.” Middle detail of the Census Frieze. From the Altar of Domitius Ahenobarbus at the Campo Marzio, Rome. Louvre Museum, Paris.


Roman Soldiers Wore Breastplates of Iron in Fulfillment of v. 9:  “They had . . . Breastplates of Iron.”

First century Roman soldiers wore breastplates made of iron plates just like the locusts of v.9: “They had breastplates like breastplates of iron[.]”   Furthermore, the trampling sound of hoof beats resembles the thundering sound of a swarm of locusts.26

The scorpion image in v. 10 may refer to the Roman ballista, a siege engine that hurled darts or arrows, and even the onager also known as the catapult. The ballista was called “scorpion.” Thus it is perhaps not surprisingly that some translations of Wars of the Jews translate the ballista as “scorpion.”27  According to Amminaus Marcellius, 4th century A.D., the Onager (Lat., ‘wild ass’) was [also] originally known as the ‘scorpion.’”28

It is also worth mentioning that the Romans had a horse or mule drown ballista called the carroballista. Which was a ballista like the scorpion carried on a cart behind a mule.  The earliest extant reference or depiction of this machine is found on Trajan’s Column depicting the Dacian Wars (A.D. 101–102, 105–106). This is not long after the siege of Jerusalem (A.D. 70) suggesting that this machine might have been in use at that time as well. If so this scorpion pulled behind a horse makes a lot of sense of v. 10: “They had tails and stings like scorpions.”

The name Apollyon is a Greek play on words for Apollo (Apollon in Greek) and Destroyer.  Revelation 9:11 reads, “They had as king over them the angel of the Abyss, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon and in Greek is Apollyon (that is, Destroyer).”  As stated above, Abaddon means “destruction or ruin” which is “apoleia” in Greek.  Though Abaddon means “destruction or ruin” it is truly the place of destruction or ruin which in Greek is Hades or bussos or abussos (Abyss).  Why does John call the angel of the Abyss the name for “destruction” or “the place of destruction” in Hebrew but then use the Greek word “Apollyon” meaning “destroyer” which is not an exact Greek translation of the Hebrew Abaddon?

John appears to call the angel of the Abyss “Apollyon” rather than using more exact Greek translations of Abaddon like “apoleia,” Hades, “bussos” or “abussos” because of the similarity between the words “destroyer” (Apollyon) and Apollo (Apollon) in Greek.  Apollo was the god of death and pestilence and the similarities in appearance between Apollyon (destroy) and Apollon (Apollo) strongly imply an etymological relationship between these two words.  In Revelation 9:11 John takes advantage of this etymological relationship/similarity in word appearance between Apollyon (destroy) and Apollon (Apollo) to make a word play and connect this Apollo-like figure with the act of destruction.  (I will explain shortly.) In other words, this word selection appears to be a word play for “Apollo” (Apollon) and “Destroyer” (Apollyon).

The fact that Apollyon is used to intentionally call to mind the god Apollo is hinted at throughout Revelation 9. The Anchor Bible Dictionary says the following concerning the link between Apollyon and Apollo:

In one manuscript, instead of Apollyon the text reads “Apollo,” the Greek god of death and pestilence [or plague like the plague of locusts mentioned in Revelation 9] . . . . Apollyon is no doubt the correct reading. But the name Apollo (Gk Apollon) was often linked in ancient Greek writings with the verb apollymi or apollyo, “destroy.” From this time of Grotius, “Apollyon” has often been taken here to be a play on the name Apollo. The locust was an emblem of this god[.]” [Emphasis mine.]

Concerning this perceived link between Apollyon and Apollo, Isbon Beckworth writes, “Some (Boss, Holtzm.-Bauer, al.) find in the name Apollyon an indirect allusion also to the god Apollo, one of whose symbols was the locust and to whom plagues and destruction were in some cases attributed (see Rosher, Lex. d. Griech. N. Rom. Mythol. s.v.)[.]31 The use of the name Apollyon is meant to call attention to this agent’s identification with the Greek God Apollo (hence the plague and locust imagery in Revelation 9) and his active role as the “destroyer” of Jerusalem.   

Pausanias (Greek Writer and Traveler), “Description of Greece” 1.24.8 (c. 2nd Century AD) said this :

“Opposite the temple [the Parthenon on the Akropolis of Athens] is a bronze Apollon [Apollo], said to be the work of Pheidias. They call it Parnopion (the Locust God), because once when locusts were devastating the land the god said that he would drive them from Attika. That he did drive them away they know, but they do not say how.”

Essentially, they believed Apollo was the Locust God, because he could control them any way he wished. So who could this be, and why is this figure called the “Destroyer” in Greek so as to imply a link to Apollo? The earthly reflection of Apollyon is Vespasian’s son Titus, the commander of the Legio XV Apollinaris (Fifteenth Apollonian Legion).  Initially the commander of the Fifteenth Legion,32Titus then went on to succeed his father as general over all the Roman legions during the Jewish War after his father had become Caesar, a title also bestowed on Titus at his father’s coronation.33   As Caesar, Titus was entitled to worship as a god in the imperial cult, and like Apollo, the son of Zeus, could also be labeled the Son of God–a perfect title for the beast.

At the start of the Jewish War, Titus was the general of the Fifteenth Legion.  With Apollo as its patron, the Fifteenth Legion was suitably nicknamed Apollinaris, a name meaning “devoted to Apollo.”  The Fifteenth Legion would always carry an emblem of Apollo or one of his holy animals wherever it went.  Not surprisingly, the locust was one of Apollo’s holy animals.  Now it is easy to see why the author of Revelation chose locusts to symbolize the soldiers of the Roman army.  So “devoted to Titus” was his army that at the taking of the Jewish temple, they unanimously declared him emperor of Rome in fulfillment of v. 11 in which Apollyon is said to have been “king over them.” One more thing to mention is that Nero Caesar also believed he was a descendant of Apollo and became Apollo in the flesh. In the East, Divine designations were given to Nero as, “The New Apollo” and “The New Sun.”

This play on words for Apollo–the god of death and plague–and Destroyer in the name Apollyon perfectly describes the man directly responsible for the remaining plagues of Revelation who was the “destroyer” of Jerusalem.  That being said, an interesting coincidence occurred two months after Titus’ coronation further solidifying his link to Apollo, the God of death and plague: Mt. Vesuvius erupted causing a massive loss of life and later a terrible pestilence throughout Rome.34  Below is a Roman coin representing Titus as Apollo.

If you want to read more on this, I’ll leave the links here below :

LINK 1 : https://ethicsofsuicide.lib.utah.edu/selections/josephus/

LINK 2 : https://www.loebclassics.com/view/josephus-jewish_war/1927/pb_LCL210.413.xml

LINK 3 : http://penelope.uchicago.edu/josephus/war-7.html

LINK 4 : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scorpio_(weapon)

LINK 5 : https://www.theoi.com/Cult/ApollonCult.html



—–

*MATT 24:15-21 AND LUKE 19:42-44 JESUS TELLS THEM TO FLEE TO THE MOUNTAINS OF JUDEA WHEN THE ROMAN ARMIES SURROUND JERUSALEM

Again, these verses were all written AFTER THE FACT [Vaticinium Ex Eventu], but I want you to see how whoever was writing the eschatological portions of the New Testament, had the writings of Josephus (Jewish Historian ; 37-100AD) sitting right next to them. Jesus tells the disciples that when they see the abomination of desolation (the Roman armies that would be standing in the Temple courts, who came to desolate the place) and the Roman armies encircling the city, to flee to the mountains of Judea and to pray that their flight (ascent to the mountains) be not on the Sabbath (when the gates of the city were closed up, not allowing people to go in or go out) nor in the winter (it would be too cold in the mountains to flee in the winter). 

Jesus then says that the tribulation coming couldn’t be compared to any other from the beginning of the world. 

COMPARE TO WHAT JOSEPHUS SAID BELOW : 

*Preface, War of the Jews, verse IV says:*
“…because it had so come to pass, that our city Jerusalem had arrived at a higher degree of felicity than any other city under the Roman government, and yet at last fell into the sorest of calamities again. Accordingly, it appears to me that the misfortunes of all men, from the beginning of the world, if they be compared to these of the Jews are not so considerable as they were; while the authors of them were not foreigners neither.This makes it impossible for me to contain my lamentations. But if anyone be inflexible in his censures of me, let him attribute the facts themselves to the historical part, and the lamentations to the writer himself only.” (end) 

Josephus uses the same verbiage as Jesus (it appears the misfortunes of all men, FROM THE BEGINNING OF THE WORLD, are not to be compared to this Roman siege on Jerusalem, etc.. etc.)! Essentially, Josephus was writing about how bad it was for the Jews, and the ‘Bible’ was supposed to have been predicting it beforehand (Jesus prophesying about what was coming within 40 years after his death. This would fulfill what Jesus said about THAT GENERATION not passing away until all those things be fulfilled in Matthew 23 and 24).

—-

*THE SEA OF GALILEE, JORDAN RIVER AND DEAD SEA TOGETHER EQUAL 1600 FURLONGS (200 MILES) EXACTLY*

Rev 14:20 says that the blood flowed out of the city (as high as the horses bridle) for a distance of 1600 furlongs which is 200 miles. According to Josephus (Jewish Historian ; 37-100AD) who wrote about the Roman Siege on Jerusalem in 66-73AD (which was the 7 year Trib.), he says in Wars 3.9.3 , Wars 3.10.9 and Wars 4.7.6 that there were so many dead Jewish bodies in the Sea of Galilee (northern Israel), the Jordan River and even the Dead Sea (the Jordan River connects the Sea of Galilee in the north, down to the Dead Sea in the south) that the waters all turned bloody and you could not cross the Jordan River because the dead Jewish bodies were stacked so high in it.

He even says in Wars 3.4.1 that Galilee was allover filled with blood and fire. This is what Revelation 16 said happened when the 2nd and 3rd angels poured out their bowls and the water sources (rivers, sea and streams) all became like blood.  If you do a google search and add up the length of the Sea of Galilee (13miles) plus the length of the Jordan River (156 miles) plus the length of the Dead Sea (31 miles) it comes out to be exactly 200 miles(13+156+31 = 200).

*TITUS, A REVIVED NERO*

The Euphrates has always been considered the great barrier that kept the Parthians and other kingdoms from easily invading west and south. The historical hints that we have seem to indicate that an earthquake provided a dam for the Euphrates, and Satan took advantage of that, and in a remarkably short period of time supplemented Titus’ armies with a massive number of armies from the east – from the sun’s rising. People have wondered how it was possible for the eastern armies to get to Jerusalem so quickly; you couldn’t just swim across that river, and ferrying so many troops and horses would have normally taken a long time. The Sibylline Oracle 4:155 ; 4:178 likens Titus to the revived Nero, who goes to the Euphrates and wielding a big spear he causes many myriads (πολλαις ἅμα μυριαδεσσιν) of soldiers to cross the Euphrates.

A multitude of miraculous signs were witnessed in 69AD, one year before the climactic siege of Jerusalem in fulfillment of Revelation 16:14: “They are spirits of demons performing miraculous signs, and they go out to the kings of the whole world, to gather them for the battle . . . .” 

Amidst these miraculous signs, the kings of the east, Sohaemus of Sophene and Antiochus IV of Commagene, crossed the Euphrates to join and support the other Roman forces under General Titus, near Mt. Megiddo (Armageddon) as indicated in Revelation 16:12 and 16 (see Roman Historian, Tacitus “The Histories” 2.81; and 5:1).  There may be more kings who helped Titus, but history emphasized that these two kings from the east offered their military and their leadership to aid Roman General Titus in the defeat of Jerusalem. During this time a great thunderstorm and earthquake simultaneously rocked Jerusalem while both Rome and Jerusalem were divided by separate and concurrent three-way civil wars as predicted in the seventh bowl in Revelation 16:18-19: “Then there came flashes of lightening, rumblings, peals of thunder and a severe earthquake…, and; The great city split into three parts.” A rebel leader named Simon Bar-Giora had entered the city, and he, John and Eleazar were fighting a three-way civil war. The Romans’ year of inactivity had cost them nothing; Jerusalem was destroying itself.

——

*PART 4 DANIEL AND JOHN IN REVELATION* 

*6TH CENTURY B.C : Daniel 8:26 “Seal up the vision; for it shall be for the distant future.”*


*COMPARE TO*


*1ST CENTURY A.D : Revelation 22:10 “Do not seal up the words of the prophecy of this book, for the time is near.”*


In Daniel 8, it was describing the little horn who would come out of the 3rd of 4 kingdoms, which we know was Greece.The Little horn or ‘stern faced king’ was speaking of Antiochus Epiphanes IV (the big horn was Alexander the Great). Upon claiming the Seleucid throne, Antiochus compelled his subjects to worship the Greek god Zeus. The Greek king then sent a large army to Jerusalem in order to enforce his will. And as a result, the Greeks put an end to temple sacrifice for just over three years before the reconsecration of the temple by a rebel Israelite army in 164 B.C

Daniel 12:1 And in that time/season Michael shall stand-up, the great chief prince, the one standing over sons of thy people. And becomes a time of distress, which not occurred since to become of a nation until that time. And in that time, thy people shall escape, everyone being found written in the scroll.

Jeremiah 8:10-11 Therefore I will give their wives to other men and their fields to new owners. From the least to the greatest, all are greedy for gain; prophets and priests alike, all practice deceit.
They dress the wound of my people as though it were not serious. “Peace, peace,” they say, when there is no peace.

FULFILLMENT BELOW

1 Thessalonians 5:3 While people are saying, “Peace and safety,” destruction will come on them suddenly, as labor pains on a pregnant woman, and they will not escape.

Luke 21:23 ; 36 Woe to pregnant women and nursing mothers during that time! There will be great distress in the land and wrath against this people… Watch ye therefore, and pray always, that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man.

The author of the book of Hebrews told believers not to forsake the gathering together (Hebrews 10:25). But we must put this in context. If you read Acts chapter 2 and Acts chapter 4, you’ll see that the Church in Jerusalem met together DAILY in each other’s homes and in the temple at times too. They were all awaiting Christ’s return in their own lifetime, which is why the verse ends by saying “As you see the DAY (Second Coming of Christ) is NEAR (approaching).

Their meetings were meant to be a daily thing, not just once or twice a week, because the DAY was imminent.
(Read Hebrews 3:13 as well).

Look at the IMMINENCE of these statements. Also notice the AUDIENCE RELEVANCE.

In Revelation 1:3 John said the time was NEAR!

In Revelation 3:11 Jesus told them to hold on to what they had, because he was coming SOON!

He says it over and over again all throughout Revelation.
(Revelation 16:15, Revelation 22:7 ; Revelation 22:12).

John was writing to 7 real churches in Asia Minor (modern day Turkey). He was speaking to them!

Hold on!

I’m coming QUICKLY!

I’m coming SOON!

I’m coming WITHOUT DELAY! (Hebrews 10:37)

Matthew 26:64 << Jesus said He would come on the clouds of heaven and the High Priest would see him. 

This wasn’t the first time we see an illustration of the Lord riding into a place on the clouds. In Isaiah 19:1 it said that the LORD WOULD RIDE INTO EGYPT ON A *SWIFT CLOUD.* Isaiah walked around naked for 3 years a sign and parable (metaphor /figure of speech) to Egypt and Cush, that they would be ‘stripped’ of their freedom and taken as slaves (Isaiah 20:3-5).

This prophecy was fulfilled by the Assyrian King Sennacherib, but it took place around 701BC. In Sennacherib’s annals for the year B.C. 701, twelve years after this prophecy was given, we find the following passage:

“The kings of Egypt, and the archers, chariots,and horsemen of the King of Meroe, a force without number, gathered and came to the aid of Ekron. In the neighborhood of Eltekeh their ranks were arrayed before me, and they urged on their soldiers. In the service of Asshur, my lord, I fought with them, and I accomplished their overthrow. The charioteers and sons of the kings of Egypt, and the charioteers of the King of Meres, alive in the midst of the battle, my hand captured.”
(G. Smith, ‘Eponym Canon,’ pp. 133, 134).

Young and old. The intermixture of young and old, of full-grown males with women leading children by the hand or carrying them upon the shoulder, in the Assyrian sculptures, strikes us even on the most cursory inspection of them. Naked and barefoot. Assyrian captives are ordinarily represented “barefoot.” Most commonly they wear a single tunic, reaching from the neck to the knees, or sometimes to the ankles, and girt about the waist with a girdle. It is probable that Egyptian and Ethiopian prisoners would be even more scantily clad, since the ordinary Egyptian tunic began at the waist and ended considerably above the knee.

Ezekiel 30:3-4 said this about Egypt’s judgment around a hundred years later,”For the day is near, THE DAY OF THE LORD IS NEAR, a day of CLOUDS, a time of doom for the nations. A sword will come against Egypt, and anguish will come upon Cush. When the slain fall in Egypt, her wealth will be carried away and her foundations torn down.” (end)

This was already fulfilled through King Nebuchadnezzar in 605BC (read Ezekiel 30:10), yet it was known as THE DAY OF THE LORD and a day of CLOUDS.

The ‘Cloud’ illustration was simply talking about the Lord coming into a place (invisibly/moving behind the scenes) to conduct JUDGMENT. The same way He conducted judgment upon Egypt in701BC through the Assyrians and the Assyrian King Sennacherib (and then again in 605BC with Babylon and King Nebuchadnezzar against Egypt), is the same way He conducted judgment upon Jerusalem in 70AD through the Romans, by coming on a cloud with his angels and chariots.

*SIGNS IN THE SKY OVER JERUSALEM 66-73AD*

Roman Historian Tacitus said this, in regard to what took place before the Romans attacked Jerusalem in 66-67AD (Histories book 5, verse 13) below:

“..In the sky appeared a vision of armies in conflict, of glittering armour. A sudden lightning flash from the clouds lit up the Temple. The doors of the holy place abruptly opened, a superhuman voice was heard to declare that the gods were leaving it, and in the same instant came the rushing tumult of their departure. Few people placed a sinister interpretation upon this.The majority were convinced that the ancient scriptures of their priests alluded to the present as the very time when the Orient would triumph and from Judaea would go forth men destined to rule the world.”

— 

Jewish Historian Josephus said this before the Romans attacked Jerusalem in 66-67AD:

“Besides these [signs], a few days after that feast, on the one- and-twentieth day of the month Artemisius, [Jyar,] a certain prodigious and incredible phenomenon appeared; I suppose the account of it would seem to be a fable, were it not related by those that saw it, and were not the events that followed it of so considerable a nature as to deserve such signals; for, before sun-setting, chariots and troops of soldiers in their armour were seen running about among the clouds, and surrounding of cities. Moreover, at that feast which we call Pentecost, as the priests were going by night into the inner [court of the] temple, as their custom was, to perform their sacred ministrations, they said that, in the first place, they felt a quaking,and heard a great noise, and after that they heard a sound as of a great multitude, saying, ‘Let us remove hence.'” (Jewish Wars, book 6,chapter 5, verse 3).

In 65AD, there was a comet and a star in the shape of a sword, which stood over Jerusalem for an entire year. In 66AD, Historians Josephus and Tacitus reported that there were chariots and armies of soldiers (angels) running around in the sky above Israel.

This correlated to what Jesus said about ‘SIGNS IN THE SKY.’ In Luke 21:11 Jesus said, “…..and there will be terrifying and great miraculous signs from heaven.”

—-


*PART 5 – LEVITICUS 26 AND THE 7 SEALS, 7 SIGNS, 7 ANGELS, 7 TRUMPETS AND 7 BOWLS IN REVELATION*

God had married Himself to Israel in the Old Testament (Jeremiah 3:14; Jeremiah 31:32; Hosea 2), which is KEY to understanding why Israel was Mystery Babylon – The Mother of all Prostitutes (which God said was written on her FOREHEAD – Revelation 17:5).

COMPARE THIS BELOW TO REVELATION 17 AS WELL :

Jeremiah 3:3 Therefore the showers have been withheld, and the spring rain has not come, yet you (Israel) have the FOREHEAD of a harlot because you refuse to be ashamed.

Jeremiah 3:8 I gave faithless Israel her certificate of divorce and sent her away because of all her adulteries and playing the harlot. Yet I saw that her unfaithful sister Judah had no fear. She also went out and became a harlot.

Exodus 28, God told the Jewish priests to wear clothing of PURPLE, SCARLET, BLUE, AND GOLD, and to attach to their turbans (FOREHEADS) a GOLD PLATE which read, ‘HOLY TO THE LORD.’

Josephus also says that the Temple (before it was destroyed in 70AD) was divided into two parts with huge golden doors, but before these doors was a huge ‘BABYLONIAN’ curtain (veil) embroidered with BLUE, FINE LINEN,SCARLET, AND PURPLE
(“The War of the Jews” by Josephus, Book 5, chapter 5, verse 4).

God mocked the Israelites for their worship of (and sacrifices to) false gods (Ezekiel 20), and also, for Israel’s dependence upon powerful nations. God saw this as Israel cheating on Him, since HE married Himself to Israel. In Ezekiel 23 God says He was going to turn all of Israel’s lovers against Israel (such as Babylon under Nebuchadnezzar). This same illustration is applied to Israel and Rome during the 1st Century. Israel depended on Rome (John 19:15), and God turned Rome against Israel in the end (70AD).

Leviticus 26 conveys a message to the Israelites about what god would do if they obeyed him and what he would do if they disobeyed him. Starting in verse14 it says, god would bring on them sudden terror, wasting diseases and fever that will destroy their sight and sap their strength and they’d plant crops only for their enemies to eat them.

 Leviticus 26:29 specifically says that one of the punishments would be eating their own children.

COMPARE TO :

Josephus ‘Wars 6.3.4’  says this (about a woman who roasts and eats her own son during the famine in the midst of the Roman Siege c. 70AD)

“There was a certain woman that dwelt beyond Jordan, her name was Mary; her father was Eleazar, of the village Bethezob, which signifies the house of Hyssop. She was eminent for her family and her wealth,and had fled away to Jerusalem with the rest of the multitude, and was with them besieged therein at this time … while the famine pierced through her very bowels and marrow, when also her passion was fired to a degree beyond the famine itself … She then attempted a most unnatural thing; and snatching up her son, who was a child sucking at her breast, she said, “O thou miserable infant! for whom shall I preserve thee in this war, this famine, and this sedition?… Come on; be my food, and be a fury to these seditious varlets, and a by-word to the world, which is all that is now wanting to complete the calamities of us Jews. As soon as she had said this, she slew her son,and then roasted him, and eat the one half of him, and kept the other half by her concealed.
Upon this the seditious came in presently, and smelling the horrid scent of this food, they threatened her that they would cut her throat immediately if she did not show them what food she had gotten ready. She replied that she had saved a very fine portion of it for them, and withal uncovered what was left of her son. Hereupon they were seized with a horror and amazement of mind, and stood astonished at the sight, when she said to them, “This is mine own son,and what hath been done was mine own doing!

Come, eat of this food; for I have eaten of it myself! Do not you pretend to be either more tender than a woman, or more compassionate than a mother; but if you be so scrupulous, and do abominate this my sacrifice, as I have eaten the one half, let the rest be reserved for me also.” After which those men went out trembling, being never so much aftrighted at any thing as they were at this, and with some difficulty they left the rest of that meat to the mother. Upon which the whole city was full of this horrid action immediately; and while every body laid this miserable case before their own eyes, they trembled, as if this unheard of action had been done by themselves. So those that were thus distressed by the famine were very desirous to die, and those already dead were esteemed happy, because they had not lived long enough either to hear or to see such miseries.” (end)

Back to Leviticus 26 and the description of punishment god was said to bring upon the Jews if they disobeyed. It says in Leviticus 26, verses 18, 21, 24, and 28 he would punish them 7 times over for their sins and disobedience. This is why we see 7 judgments and punishments being executed by 7 Angels with 7 Trumpets in the Book of Revelation. The Book of Revelation is the 7-fold punishment referred to in Leviticus 26 about them disobeying god.

In Revelation 6 there are 7 Seals, and then the 7 Angels with 7 Trumpets in Revelation chapters 8-9 and 11. The first six seals are described in Revelation 6:1-17. The seventh seal is mentioned in Revelation 8:1, and it segues into the seven trumpets. The first six trumpets occur in Revelation 8:1 through Revelation 9:21.The first four trumpets describe a series of specific judgments on the land and the next two trumpets describe the release of demonic forces upon the land. The seventh trumpet occurs in Revelation 11:15 and segues into seven signs. It is commonly believed that the seven trumpets telescope into the seven bowls, but a close examination of Revelation reveals that a sequence of seven signs follows the trumpets.

Beginning in Revelation 12:1, the first sign is given :
“A great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars; and she was with child; and she cried out,being in labor and in pain to give birth.”

The second sign is a dragon in Revelation 12:3
“Then another sign appeared in heaven: and behold, a great red dragon having  seven heads and  ten horns, and on his heads were seven diadems.”

The third sign is a male child in Revelation 12:5-6.

The fourth sign is Michael the archangel in Revelation 12:7-17.

The fifth sign is the Antichrist Beast in Revelation 13:1-10. 

The sixth sign is the false prophet in Revelation 13:11-18.

The seventh sign telescopes or segues into the seven bowls (Revelation 15:1, 7).

The first six bowls occur in Revelation 15:1 through Revelation 19:21.They describe horrible plagues that occur and the final bowl is the battle of Armageddon. The 7th sign is the seven bowls that the seven angels are holding with the seven plagues. So I’ve proven conclusively that the GREAT CITY (which is called Sodom and Egypt) or WHORE OF BABYLON is 1st Century Jerusalem and here, I prove that these 7-fold judgments coming upon the Whore / Great City (1st Century Jerusalem) in the book of Revelation were corresponding to the 7-foldjudgments spoken of in Leviticus 26 that would come upon the Jews if they disobeyed God.

—–

*PART 6 ON THE CHAPTERS LEADING UP TO THE OLIVET DISCOURSE*


*MATTHEW 21:*


Jesus gives a parable of a vineyard owner who goes away on vacation. He leaves tenants behind to watch over his vineyard, but also sends servants back to check on the vineyard. The tenants kill all the servants that were sent. Finally the Vineyard Owner decides to send his own SON (which is obviously a reference to Jesus) thinking they surely won’t kill him, but they do. Jesus asks them what they think the Vineyard owner will do when he *COMES BACK*. They all say, well he will destroy those wicked servants and place other tenants over the vineyard who will properly tend to it.

Jesus then says this in verse 43: “Therefore I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people who will produce its fruit.” Go read who understood that this parable was about THEM (not people living thousands of years into the future). The Pharisees and Sadducees looked for a way to kill Jesus after he said that because he understood the parable was about the kingdom of god being taken away from THEM and the judgment coming to destroy them, by God himself.

*MATTHEW 23*

Jesus is in the temple reaming out the pharisees, calling them every pejorative in the Thesaurus. He ends by telling them that because they would kill him (Jesus) and his disciples, that they (1st Century Jews) would be held responsible for the murder of EVERY RIGHTEOUS PERSON WHO HAD EVER LIVED from Abel to Zechariah. Wouldn’t that be quite the Hefty Judgment? Of course! It would be the ULTIMATE JUDGMENT! He said that judgment would come before their own generation passed away in verse 36. This is the same thing Jesus says in the very next chapter 24:34.

—-

*LUKE 23*

Jesus is on his way to be crucified on the Via Dolorosa. The women are weeping for him, but Jesus turns to them and says :

*”Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me; weep for yourselves and for your children. …For if they do this when the tree is green, what do you think they’ll do when the tree is dry and withered?”*

Jesus also explains that they’ll say it’d be better that a woman never gave birth and that they would hide in caves in the mountains and in the hills, saying “COVER US AND FALL ON US” to hide them from the disasters coming upon them. These very things did indeed happen during the Jewish-Roman War of 66-73AD. Jesus was telling THEM and THEIR CHILDREN (not people thousands of years into the future) that they should worry not about him, but worry about themselves, for if they do this to an innocent man like himself (a green tree) then what do they think the Romans will do to a guilty and dead nation like Israel (specifically Jerusalem)?

Josephus writes that Jerusalem had become the most wealthy nation in the entire ROMAN EMPIRE, even more wealthy than ROME ITSELF ! This is why you see the symbology in the book of Revelation about the Whore or Harlot who was adorned with all those fancy jewels, scarlet, precious stones, etc.. Jerusalem was the main commerce hub of that time period in that part of the known world (including Rome itself).

Josephus said that the Jews had come to the greatest felicity of any nation in the Roman empire, but had fallen to the sorest of all calamities among men when Rome defeated them. He then says that there was nothing that could be compared to the destruction of these 1st Century Jews from the beginning of the whole world, up until that time period. This is how severe it was when Rome destroyed Jerusalem. So you can’t ignore the time statements, audience relevance statements and geographic statements. They’re blatantly obvious for anyone who is actually logical. I could teach this stuff to a first grader and they’d understand it.

*MATTHEW 24*

What prompted Jesus to explain all those signs leading up to the end (of the age) was when the disciples asked Jesus to look at the beautiful temple, yet Jesus said that this temple would come down and not one stone would be left upon another. The disciples equated the destruction of that Jewish temple with his second coming and asked him plainly when those two things would occur (the end of the age when the temple would be destroyed and he would come back a 2nd time). Jesus goes through all the calamities to befall Jerusalem and the known world at that time and then tells THEM that when they see all these bad things happening to look up and rejoice for their REDEMPTION DRAWETH NIGH.

He also tells THEM that when they see the armies surrounding Jerusalem (which is exactly what the Romans did, they surrounded Jerusalem and walled them in on every side) to flee to the mountains of JUDEA (not any mountains, but specifically the mountains in Judea). You can’t ignore the audience relevance and the geographic statements here. Jesus is talking to THEM, not people thousands of years into the future. He specifically tells them to pray that their flight (ascent into the mountains) be not in the winter or on the sabbath. Why? Because the mountains would be cold in the winter and during the Sabbath, the gates to the city of Jerusalem were closed, not allowing people in or out.

Not only did the Romans surround them, but they did it on a High Holy Sabbath Day (day of Passover) in 70AD when all the Jews from around the world had come to the city for the Feast of Passover celebration. According to Josephus, what took place in Jerusalem at the hands of the Romans couldn’t be compared to anything in the world from the beginning of time up to that point (sound familiar?) !

Many of the things Josephus said in his historical annals are almost word for word verbatim as what Jesus said in the gospels. That’s one clue that whoever wrote the gospels had Josephus’s works in hand too! So Jesus was speaking to them (his own disciples) about what would take place 40 years (a whole generation) after his death. And sure enough, Josephus, Tacitus and Suetonius (Roman and Jewish Historians) all give us the accounts of what took place around 70AD that match up perfectly with what the Bible said in the New Testament in regard to Biblical Eschatology.

P.S. I forgot to add a link to a guy named Dr. Kenneth (Ken) Gentry.

It’s a video of his breaking down some of what I shared in my notes.

Here is the link below, it’s entitled, “BEAST IDENTIFIED”

https://youtu.be/Sy7cEW4MJac

SOME ADDED NOTES BELOW :

MORE VATICINIUM EX EVENTU

Isaiah 17:1, god threatened Damascus in particular, and Isaiah 17:2 had done the same in it’s threat towards Israel, Isaiah 17:3 comprehends them both. Ephraim loses the fortified cities which once served it as defences, and Damascus loses its rank as a kingdom. Those that are left of Aram, who do not fall in the war, become like the proud citizens of the kingdom of Israel, i.e., they are carried away into captivity. All this was fulfilled under Tiglath-pileser III.

Isaiah chapters 1-39 had to deal directly with Isaiah and his OWN generation

Isaiah chapter 17 corresponded to Isaiah chapters 7 and 8.

Isaiah chapter 17 was fulfilled under the kings of Assyria, and particularly under Tiglath-pileser III (who ruled 745–727 BC). This was in the fourth year of Ahaz (2 Kings 16:9).

2 Kings 16:9 The king of Assyria (Tiglath-pilser III) complied (with King Ahaz, who was King over The house of Judah) by attacking Damascus and capturing it. He deported its inhabitants to Kir and put Rezin to death.

The reason this happened was because The Israelites had put their trust in Egypt and other nations, rather than in their God. God reduces those whom they put their trust in to a heap of stubble, through the Assyrians. We read this would happen in Isaiah 17:6 below :

“As when the harvest-man gathereth the corn”

The sense in this passage is plain. As the farmer cuts down and collects his grain and removes it from the harvest field, so the enemies of Ephraim would come and remove the people and their wealth to a distant land. This received a complete fulfillment when the ten tribes were removed by the Assyrians to a distant land. This was done by Tiglath-pileser III (2 Kings 15:29), and by Shalmaneser (2 Kings 17:6).

And reapeth the ears with his arm – As he collects the standing grain with one arm so that he can cut it with the sickle in the other hand. The word rendered ‘reapeth’ (קצר qâtsar) means here “to collect together” as a reaper does the standing grain in his arm. The word rendered ‘ears’ (שׁבלים shı̂bălı̂ym) means here rather the spires or stalks of standing grain.

Once again, all of this was written AFTER THE FACT. The earliest fragment we have of anything in the Bible comes from around 300 BC. These events above describe things that took place at least 500 years before that! More proof that this is Vaticinium Ex Eventu or Post-diction.

In Daniel 8, it was describing the little horn who would come out of the 3rd of 4 kingdoms, which we know was Greece. The Little horn or ‘stern faced king’ was speaking of Antiochus Epiphanes IV (the big horn was Alexander the Great). Upon claiming the Seleucid throne, Antiochus compelled his subjects to worship the Greek god Zeus. The Greek king then sent a large army to Jerusalem in order to enforce his will. And as a result, the Greeks put an end to temple sacrifice for just over three years before the reconsecration of the temple by a rebel Israelite army in 164 B.C. Antiochus IV (Epiphanes), desecrated the Temple by offering the sacrifice of a pig on an altar to Zeus (the Abomination of Desolation). In 164 BC, Antiochus Epiphanes died of illness or accident. “Destroyed but not by human power,” he died in Tabae in Persia. Between the time of Daniel’s vision and the death of Antiochus Epiphanes there were approximately 387 years, yet God said that this was the distant future from when He gave that vision to Daniel.

SHE SAID :

“Hmm.. you make a lot of good points, and you’re right when you say most Christians would not even understand what you wrote, and are ignorant regarding knowledge of 1st century history or Josephus. I do not like to think I fit into that category. While I am a Christian, I couldn’t begin to argue with you though. because it would take me several days to research the Bible and refer to passages or verses, that I could then prepare in some sort of presentable rebuttal, that would even make for a good debate, or discussion for that matter. I don’t have a book that I spent time working on, or even an outline of one. It’s late, I have a headache, I have to work tomorrow, plus I’m getting old! Not a very good defense, but all true. I would love to read your book, how do I find it? Maybe after I study it, then one day I could surprise you with a real defense for Christianity! I could be as prepared as you were for a real debate! Also wondering what your response to this video you were replying to was. You never mentioned anything about “New Jerusalem” at all! Where does that fit in your “after the fact predictions”?”

MY RESPONSE :

“I don’t mind a good debate, but as you say, you’re not on my level to be a formidable foe. At least you’re willing to acknowledge that, most Christians are also pompous and proud, thinking they have all the answers, even when they don’t (their own Book calls them a FOOL for this >> read Proverbs 18:13). As to my book, it’s not published in paperback form, as I’m waiting for my co-author to finish his portion so we can combine the two into one massive book for people to read. We also need to do a lot of semantic wordsmithing, editing, putting footnotes (at the end of each page and not at the back of the book where people have to keep flipping back and forth), etc. we want to make this book as easy and concise for your average Layman to read, but also, scholastic enough to get the attention of scholars as well.

Even though I believe these concepts in the New Testament were written as a ‘coup’ of the Jewish religion, I still understand the proper exegesis or interpretation of what’s being said. I lived with a pastor for 3 years, I even at one time left everything to live homeless and preach on the streets with a friend of mine (just like Jesus and the disciples did in the gospels and Acts), etc.. so I was pretty hardcore with my faith and know the Bible front to back. I don’t say that to impress you, but to impress UPON you that I’m not some amateur who doesn’t know what he’s talking about from ‘both sides’ of this discussion or debate.

As to your question about the New Jerusalem, it’s the same as Christians who actually think another Jewish Temple is prophesied to be rebuilt. If you don’t understand metaphors, analogies, parables or figures of speech, the New Testament will fly right over your head. I believe it’s pretty clear that this wasn’t in reference to an actual, physical, tangible city (or temple), but it was referring to the spiritual city of believers in Christ (both Jews and Gentiles) who were now replacing the Jews as god’s ONLY chosen people. Jesus even answers the pharisees in Luke 17:20-21 when they ask him when the kingdom of god would come, and he explains that the kingdom of god does not come with physical observation, because the kingdom of god is within you. Jesus also gives a metaphor of how his followers were the light of the world, like a city brightly lit upon a hill, it’s impossible for it to be hidden (Matt 5:14).

The Apostle Paul uses an illustration in Galatians 4 about the two covenants. One was about Hagar who ended up having a child named Ishmael, through Abraham. She was the handmaiden of Sarah, and Sarah gave Hagar to mate with Abraham, so he could have offspring, but Hagar’s child Ishmael was not the promise that god gave to Abraham. The promise was to come through Sarai (Sarah). Hagar represented the present physical city of Jerusalem and the Jewish nation because she was in slavery with her children. Paul then says that the true Jerusalem is from ABOVE (a spiritual Jerusalem) and is free. She is the mother of believers. Paul likens the believers in Christ to the children of Sarah and the non-believing Jews, born through the blood of Abraham, to the children of Hagar. And Isaac was the child of the true promise through Sarah (that was given to Abraham by god), whereas the child Abraham had with Hagar was not the promised child (you can read all this in Genesis chapter 17).

This is also detailed in Revelation about the Whore of Babylon (the Great City) which would refer to Hagar or the Jews in 1st Century Jerusalem who rejected Christ, juxtaposed to the New Jerusalem referring to Sarah as the clean and virtuous woman who represented the body of believers who had made themselves pure and holy through Christ’s blood. In the OT it says that god had married himself to Israel (Jeremiah 3:14; Jeremiah 31:32; Hosea 2), but they played the ‘Harlot’ and Jeremiah 3:8 says that god gave Israel a bill of divorcement for being a whore (also see Isaiah 1:21). In Leviticus 20:10, Leviticus 21:9 and Deut. 22:22 it says to kill an adulteress and burn her with fire. The Romans destroyed Jerusalem (god’s OT adulterous wife) burned her with fire, and god takes a new bride right there on the spot with the new Jerusalem coming down out of heaven as a bride adorned for her husband (Revelation 21:2) representing the total nullification and completion of the old covenant.

Also see Hebrews chapters 11-13, it talks about how Abraham was actually expecting and hoping for the ‘spiritual city’ of Jerusalem, and not the physical. It says in Revelation 21:3 that god’s dwelling place is now with men and he will be in their midst and they will be his people. Paul references this prophecy in 2 Corinthians 6:16 that the believers were the tabernacle of god where god dwells already (a present reality, according to Paul). Jesus makes a statement with dual meanings as well in John 4:21-23 when he speaks to a Samaritan woman who says that the Jews told her one must worship god in Jerusalem where the temple is. Jesus responds by saying that a time is coming and NOW IS when people will neither worship in Jerusalem or on that mountain, for they will worship the father in ‘spirit’. He says that the time was coming (in the future) and now is (present reality). Also see these verses about the believers being the temple or tabernacle of god (1 Chronicles 17:1-15; Isaiah 66:1-2; Ezekiel 37:27; Matthew 12:6; Luke 1:26-37; Luke 17:20-21; John 2:18-22; John 14:23; Acts 7:47-50; Acts 17:22-31; 1 Corinthians 3:9-16; 1 Corinthians 6:19; Ephesians 2:20-21; 2 Corinthians 5:1-4; 1 Peter 2:4-5; Hebrews 8:1-2; Revelation 3:12).

Clearly, there was also an ‘afterlife’ aspect to this spiritual city, but as to its application upon the earth, it was in reference to the community of believers, all having the holy spirit and god dwelling in their midst, as they were the temple of god themselves. Revelation 21:22 says that there was no temple in the midst of the city because the Lamb and God are its temple. Wait a minute, how can he see no temple, and yet claim that the Lamb and god are its temple? Because there was no physical temple, other than the human body (each person being like a pillar, and together as a community of believers [multiple pillars of stone with Christ as the capstone or cornerstone], form the temple of god). The New Testament verses about the new Jerusalem (as well as a new tabernacle or temple) are showing the fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecies in Exodus 25:8; Exodus 29:45; Leviticus 26:11 and Ezekiel 37:27. So what they prophesied coming in the OT was supposed to be a present reality in the first century according to Paul and Jesus!”


LONGER VERSION OF PRETERIST ESCHATOLOGY BELOW

BREAKDOWN OF BIBLICAL ESCHATOLOGY (LAST DAYS OR END TIMES) ~ WHICH WERE REFERRING TO EVENTS IN THE 1ST CENTURY, NOT A CENTURY THOUSANDS OF YEARS LATER! 
(Keep in mind, I am not a Christian, as I believe the Bible was written AFTER all these events occurred [Post-diction or Vaticinium Ex Eventu], which made it seem as if Jesus and the disciples were predicting them to happen, when in reality, the events happened FIRST, and then later Christian authors wrote them into the Bible, as if they were being prophesied about beforehand. Get it?)

6th century B.C : Daniel 8:26 “Seal up the vision; for it shall be for the distant future.”

COMPARE TO

1st century A.D : Revelation 22:10 “Do not seal up the words of the prophecy of this book, for the time is near.”

In Daniel 8, it was describing the little horn who would come out of the 3rd of 4 kingdoms, which we know was Greece. The Little horn or ‘stern faced king’ was speaking of Antiochus Epiphanes IV (the big horn was Alexander the Great). Upon claiming the Seleucid throne, Antiochus compelled his subjects to worship the Greek god Zeus. The Greek king then sent a large army to Jerusalem in order to enforce his will. And as a result, the Greeks put an end to temple sacrifice for just over three years before the reconsecration of the temple by a rebel Israelite army in 164 B.C.

That year Antiochus Epiphanes died of illness or accident. “Destroyed but not by human power,” he died in Tabae in Persia. Between the time of Daniel’s vision and the death of Antiochus Epiphanes there were approximately 387 years, yet God said that this was the distant future from when He gave that vision to Daniel. If 387 years was considered a ‘DISTANT FUTURE’ by God when He told Daniel to seal up the vision, then how can we conclude that God meant over 2,000 years when He told John not to seal up the prophecy, since it’s time was “NEAR”?

The author of the book of Hebrews told believers not to forsake the gathering together (Hebrews 10:25). But we must put this in context. If you read Acts chapter 2 and Acts chapter 4, you’ll see that the Church in Jerusalem met together DAILY in each other’s homes and in the temple at times too. They were all awaiting Christ’s return in their own lifetime, which is why the verse ends by saying “As you see the DAY (Second Coming of Christ) is NEAR (approaching). Their meetings were meant to be a daily thing, not just once or twice a week, because the DAY was imminent. (Read Hebrews 3:13 as well).

Look at the IMMINENCE of these statements. Also notice the AUDIENCE RELEVANCE.

In Revelation 1:3 John said the time was NEAR!

In Revelation 3:11 Jesus told them to hold on to what they had, because he was coming SOON!

He says it over and over again all throughout Revelation. (Revelation 16:15, Revelation 22:7 ; Revelation 22:12). John was writing to 7 real churches in Asia Minor (modern day Turkey).

He was speaking to them!

Hold on!

I’m coming QUICKLY! I’m coming SOON!


I’m coming WITHOUT DELAY (Hebrews 10:37)

In Matthew 24:14 Jesus said the gospel would be preached throughout the WHOLE WORLD, then the end (of the age) would come.

COMPARE TO : (Colossians 1:6 ; 1:23 ; Romans 10:18 ; Acts 2:5). The Apostle Paul said that the gospel had already been preached from one end of heaven to the other, to every creature, etc.., while he (Paul) himself was alive! Read below :

Colossians 1:6 ; 1:23 “…the gospel is bearing fruit and growing throughout the whole world–just as it has been doing among you since the day you heard it and truly understood God’s grace. This is the gospel that you heard and that has been proclaimed to every creature under heaven, and of which I, Paul, have become a servant.” (end)

Jesus told His disciples that He was coming back a 2nd time before His 12 disciples had gone through the cities of Israel (Matthew 10:23).

Jesus said He would come back a 2nd time before some of His 12 disciples tasted physical death (Matthew 16:27-28).

Jesus said He would come back before His own generation passed away (Matthew 24:29-34)

Jesus said He would come on the clouds of heaven and the High Priest would see him (Matthew 26:64).

This wasn’t the first time we see an illustration of the Lord riding into a place on the clouds. In Isaiah 19:1 it said that the LORD WOULD RIDE INTO EGYPT ON A ***SWIFT CLOUD.*** Isaiah walked around naked for 3 years a sign and parable (metaphor / figure of speech) to Egypt and Cush, that they would be ‘stripped’ of their freedom and taken as slaves (Isaiah 20:3-5). This prophecy was fulfilled by the Assyrian King Sennacherib, but it took place around 701BC. In Sennacherib’s annals for the year B.C. 701, twelve years after this prophecy was given, we find the following passage:

“The kings of Egypt, and the archers, chariots, and horsemen of the King of Meroe, a force without number, gathered and came to the aid of Ekron. In the neighborhood of Eltekeh their ranks were arrayed before me, and they urged on their soldiers. In the service of Asshur, my lord, I fought with them, and I accomplished their overthrow. The charioteers and sons of the kings of Egypt, and the charioteers of the King of Meres, alive in the midst of the battle, my hand captured” (G. Smith, ‘Eponym Canon,’ pp. 133, 134).

Young and old. The intermixture of young and old, of full-grown males with women leading children by the hand or carrying them upon the shoulder, in the Assyrian sculptures, strikes us even on the most cursory inspection of them. Naked and barefoot. Assyrian captives are ordinarily represented “barefoot.” Most commonly they wear a single tunic, reaching from the neck to the knees, or sometimes to the ankles, and girt about the waist with a girdle. It is probable that Egyptian and Ethiopian prisoners would be even more scantily clad, since the ordinary Egyptian tunic began at the waist and ended considerably above the knee.

Ezekiel 30:3-4 said this about Egypt’s judgment around a hundred years later,

“For the day is near, THE DAY OF THE LORD IS NEAR, a day of CLOUDS, a time of doom for the nations. A sword will come against Egypt, and anguish will come upon Cush. When the slain fall in Egypt, her wealth will be carried away and her foundations torn down.” (end)

This was already fulfilled through King Nebuchadnezzar in 605BC (read Ezekiel 30:10), yet it was known as THE DAY OF THE LORD and a day of CLOUDS. The ‘Cloud’ illustration was simply talking about the Lord coming into a place (invisibly/moving behind the scenes) to conduct JUDGMENT. The same way He conducted judgment upon Egypt in 701BC through the Assyrians and the Assyrian King Sennacherib (and then again in 605AD with Babylon and King Nebuchadnezzar against Egypt), is the same way He conducted judgment upon Jerusalem in 70AD through the Romans, by coming on a cloud with his angels and chariots.

Roman Historian Tacitus, said this, in regard to what took place before the Romans attacked Jerusalem in 66-67AD (Histories book 5, verse 13) below:

“..In the sky appeared a vision of armies in conflict, of glittering armour. A sudden lightning flash from the clouds lit up the Temple. The doors of the holy place abruptly opened, a superhuman voice was heard to declare that the gods were leaving it, and in the same instant came the rushing tumult of their departure. Few people placed a sinister interpretation upon this. The majority were convinced that the ancient scriptures of their priests alluded to the present as the very time when the Orient would triumph and from Judaea would go forth men destined to rule the world.”

Jewish Historian Josephus said this before the Romans attacked Jerusalem in 66-67AD:

“Besides these [signs], a few days after that feast, on the one- and-twentieth day of the month Artemisius, [Jyar,] a certain prodigious and incredible phenomenon appeared; I suppose the account of it would seem to be a fable, were it not related by those that saw it, and were not the events that followed it of so considerable a nature as to deserve such signals; for, before sun-setting, chariots and troops of soldiers in their armour were seen running about among the clouds, and surrounding of cities. Moreover, at that feast which we call Pentecost, as the priests were going by night into the inner [court of the] temple, as their custom was, to perform their sacred ministrations, they said that, in the first place, they felt a quaking, and heard a great noise, and after that they heard a sound as of a great multitude, saying, ‘Let us remove hence.'” (Jewish Wars, book 6, chapter 5, verse 3).

In 65AD, there was a comet and a star in the shape of a sword, which stood over Jerusalem for an entire year. In 66AD, Historians Josephus and Tacitus reported that there were chariots and armies of soldiers (angels) running around in the sky above Israel. This correlated to what Jesus said about ‘SIGNS IN THE SKY.’

In Luke 21:11 Jesus said, “…..and there will be terrifying and great miraculous signs from heaven.”

An article by William Bell that you might find interesting :
Have you ever wondered why the Bible speaks of the heavenly bodies falling from heaven? Do you believe this must occur in some future end time program? Did you know that the story of Joseph helps to answer the question of the how did the sun, moon and stars fall? Its important to understand this concept in order to make sense of Bible prophecy. Failure to do so has led others to viciously attack Christianity as a false religion. Why, because they understand that Jesus promised to return in the first century and destroy a world including predicting the fall of the sun, moon and stars. By starting with Joseph, we get a very good picture of how the Bible uses the terminology of falling luminary bodies in prophecy. “Then he dreamed still another dream and told it to his brothers, and said, “Look, I have dreamed another dream. And this time, the sun, the moon, and the eleven stars bowed down to me.” (Gen. 37:9, 10).

These are the words of Joseph that incited envy among his siblings and a stern rebuke from his father. By these words, Joseph understood that one day he would “reign” over his father, mother and his brothers, and that they would bow down to him. He was the youngest of the family! This was so out of the norm for the hierarchy of oriental patriarchal families. Later, he became the prime minister of Egypt, second in power to Pharaoh himself. His Father, and brothers all became his servants, and literally bowed down to him. (Gen. 43:26, 28)

This Biblical story reveals a key to understanding important eschatological texts in both Old and New Testaments. It is the key to how the prophets use the terms sun, moon, and stars in their end time prophecies. In this story, the sun, moon, and stars represent those who had authority over Joseph, his father, (the sun), his mother, (the moon), and his brothers (the stars). Now that we have determined a figurative use of these luminaries, let’s see how they are used in Bible prophecy. How did the sun, moon and stars fall in Bible prophecy? God spoke of the destruction of Edom.

He referred to the luminaries of heaven being dissolved. The verses in Isaiah 34:4–5, illustrate the point. “All the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled up like a scroll; All their host shall fall down as the leaf falls from the vine, and as fruit falling from a fig tree.” God identifies Edom in the next verse: For my sword shall be bathed in heaven; indeed it shall come down on Edom, and on the people of My curse, for judgment… (v. 5–6).

Earlier, Isaiah wrote of ancient Babylon’s destruction. He described the Mede army coming from “the end of heaven to destroy the land of Babylon. It is called a day of the Lord which was thenat hand. He then describes it as the fall of the sun moon and starts. “For the stars of heaven and their constellations will not give their light; The sun will be darkened in its going forth, and the moon will not cause its light to shine,” (Isa. 13:10).

The prophet goes on to say that God would punish the world for their iniquity. He describes it as shaking the nation and moving the earth out of her place. Yet the entire prophecy focused on the fall of Babylon, by the Medes army. (Isaiah 13:17–19).

Next, Amos, speaking of Israel whom God would destroy and bring into Assyrian captivity (722 BC), also uses the sun, moon and stars in an apocalyptic vision. “And it shall come to pass in that day, says the Lord God, that I will make the sun go down at noon, and I will darken the earth in broad daylight.” (Amos 8:9)

In other words, the prophets made common use of the language about the sun darkening, the moon turning to blood and the falling stars. Hence, Joel, prophesied of the end time and coming of the Holy Spirit. This is the most often quoted text in the New Testament about the destruction of heaven and earth. It is quoted in Matthew 24:29, 2 Peter 3 and Revelation 6:10–12.

Joel wrote of the end time in the New Testament. He was using language the same as the other Old Testament prophets. “The sun shall be turned into darkness and the moon into blood, before the coming of the great and awesome day of the Lord, (Joel 2:31). When Jesus quotes Joel, in Matthew 24:29, he ensures that the prophecy is understood to refer to the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70.

He applied it to the events which occurred within the lifetime of those who lived in the first century, saying that generation would not pass till all were fulfilled. (Matthew 24:29–34). They all spoke of the fall of nations under the symbols of the “black out” of heavenly bodies. The figurative use of these luminaries referred to the civil powers and rulers of nations. The idea is the same concept as that used in Joseph’s vision in Genesis. (end)

1st Thess. 4:16 is the same event as Matthew 24:29-34 (Jesus said this would happen before His own Generation passed away).

The Lord coming on a cloud (Acts 1:11 ; Matthew 26:64) is similar to Old Testament language in Isaiah 19:1 Revelation 1:7 of every eye seeing Jesus coming in the clouds, is in reference to the 12 tribes of Israel (and in particular, those in Jerusalem, not the whole earth of nations of people as we know it today). Refer back to Zechariah 12 to see why this is so :

Zechariah 12:10-14 “And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication. They will look on me, the one they have pierced, and they will mourn for him as one mourns for an only child, and grieve bitterly for him as one grieves for a firstborn son. On that day the weeping in Jerusalem will be as great as the weeping of Hadad Rimmon in the plain of Megiddo. The land will mourn, each clan by itself, with their wives by themselves: the clan of the house of David and their wives, the clan of the house of Nathan and their wives, the clan of the house of Levi and their wives, the clan of Shimei and their wives, and all the rest of the clans and their wives.

We also have to deal with Ezekiel chapter 12.

Ezekiel 12:21-23 Again a message came to me from the Lord: “Son of man, you’ve heard that proverb they quote in Israel: ‘Time passes, and prophecies come to nothing.’ Tell the people, ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: I will put an end to this proverb, and you will soon stop quoting it.’

Ezekiel 12:27-28 “Son of man, the Israelites are saying, ‘The vision he sees is for many years from now, and he prophesies about the distant future.’ “Therefore say to them, ‘This is what the Sovereign LORD says: None of my words will be delayed any longer; whatever I say will be fulfilled, declares the Sovereign LORD.'” (end)

Ezekiel 12 is speaking about the Babylonian siege by King Nebuchadnezzar upon Israel in the 6th Century BC. God prophesied this through Ezekiel in 590 BC, 6 years into King Zekediah’s reign. And then, 4 years later (586 BC), Babylon invaded and captured Israel. Notice also in verses 22-23, God said that Israel would no longer quote a particular proverb in Israel. No longer would God say something was NEAR, and it be put off for an extended period of time.

Ezekiel 12:25 For I am the LORD! If I say it, it will happen. There will be no more delays, you rebels of Israel. I will fulfill my threat of destruction in your own lifetime. I, the Sovereign LORD, have spoken!”

God’s threat came to pass in their own lifetime (within their own generation) to show that His threats of destruction would never be put off as something in the distant future again. God told Ezekiel that Israel would never again quote the proverb that prophecies and threats of destruction would be delayed for future generations.

To drive my point home here, read below

Ezekiel 7:2 says this,
“Son of man, this is what the Sovereign Lord says to the land of Israel: ‘The end! The end has come upon the four corners of the land!'” (end)

All throughout Ezekiel 7, the END and DISASTER had been pronounced upon Israel. Within 5 years of Ezekiel prophesying the ‘END’ upon Israel (590 BC), the Babylonians came in and captured Israel (586 BC). AUDIENCE RELEVANCE AND TIME STATEMENTS matter a lot ! This all ties in to New Testament prophecies declaring the ‘END’ and that Christ’s coming that was to take place SOON, SHORTLY, QUICKLY, WITHIN THEIR OWN LIFETIMES, etc… So we see, SOON had to mean SOON, because God put an end to a certain proverb given in Ezekiel 12. No longer would they say a prophecy of destruction was for afar off distant future.

In the same way, all throughout the New Testament, including the book of Revelation, we see God’s threat of destruction (through Christ’s 2nd coming) and the ‘END’ as being NEAR! COMING QUICKLY! AT HAND! AT THE DOOR! COMING WITHOUT DELAY! COMING SOON! etc.. etc.. We see Hebraic, apocalyptic language for the ‘End’ in many other instances, in the Old Testament (like I just illustrated) as well. With heavenly bodies collapsing, luminaries (stars, sun, moon, etc..) dissolving or falling to the earth, etc.. None of this was meant to be taken literally.

Compare all these verses ( Matthew 24:35 ; Matthew 24:29, 2nd Peter 3:10 and Revelation 6:10–12 ) with Psalm 18 …. which was written by David “on the day when the Lord rescued him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul.”

Vs.5 David writes of being entangled by “the cords of Sheol (hell)”

Vs. 7 The earth reeling and rocking and the mountains trembling

Vs. 8 Devouring fire coming from God’s mouth

Vss. 9-10 God bowing the heavens, thick darkness, God riding on a cherub and coming to him

Vss. 12-13 Hailstones and coals of fire coming to the earth through the clouds

Vs. 14 God sending arrows and lightning

Vs. 15 And the sea being divided and “the foundations of the world” being laid bare
There is no record, Biblical or otherwise, of any such events LITERALLY taking place during David’s lifetime. This is apocalyptic language, common throughout the Bible. Compare all these verses ( Matt 24:35 ; Matt 24:29, 2nd Peter 3:10 and Revelation 6:10–12) with Isaiah 13 and Isaiah 34. Each of these chapters in Isaiah describe the luminaries and constellations (stars, heavens, sun, moon, etc..) either being dissolved or falling from the sky, yet these prophecies were fulfilled during the destruction of Edom (Isaiah 34) and the destruction of the Babylonians at the hands of the Medes (Isaiah 13) over 2500 years ago, yet there is no record of anything like this happening in a LITERAL SENSE.

The Bible is filled with metaphors, analogies, symbols, ‘figures of speech,’ parables, etc.. which aren’t meant to be taken literally. They have a deep obscure and occult meaning. In these particular instances, the heavenly bodies being shaken or dissolved was metaphorical of God destroying the powers of those nations completely.

The book of Revelation was written to 7 real churches in Asia Minor (modern day Turkey). It was written to them because they were already in tribulation (Revelation 1:9). If John was writing about things to take place 2,000+ years into the future, then the people would’ve been confused. The prophecies of Revelation (along with Christ’s 2nd coming) did come to pass in their own generation, with the destruction of Jerusalem at the hands of Rome, through the Emperors Nero, Titus and Vespasian. Just as God used Nebuchadnezzar and Babylon to destroy Jerusalem and overtake the temple in the 6th Century BC (after giving Ezekiel’s vision in Ezekiel 12) and just like God used Antiochus Epiphanes IV and the Grecians to overtake Jerusalem and the temple in the 2nd Century BC (after giving Daniel’s vision in Daniel 8), is the same way God used the vision of Christ’s second coming and the destruction foretold in John’s book of Revelation to warn about Rome ransacking Jerusalem and destroy it’s temple, in the 1st Century AD (70AD to be exact is when the Herodian Jewish Temple was destroyed).

Jesus foretold of this almost 40 years before His death (40 years is considered a generation in the Bible I might add). Jesus told His disciples that when they saw the Abomination of Desolation (or Armies that would make Jerusalem Desolate) to flee to the mountains of Judea. Matthew 24:34 (which is part of the Olivet Discourse, also found in Luke 21 and Mark 13), Jesus tells the disciples in Luke 21:28 that when they see all those things happen, to lift up their heads, because their redemption draws near! Who was Jesus talking to here? He said when **YOU** see these things, lift up **YOUR** heads, for **YOUR** redemption draws near. AUDIENCE RELEVANCE! Jesus was speaking to His 12 disciples, because THEY would be the ones to see all those signs take place!

As Jesus was walking to the cross, the women were weeping for Him, but Jesus corrects them. Luke 23:26-31 As the soldiers led him away, they seized Simon from Cyrene, who was on his way in from the country, and put the cross on him and made him carry it behind Jesus. A large number of people followed him, including women who mourned and wailed for him. Jesus turned and said to them,

“Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me; weep for yourselves and for your children. For the time will come when you will say, ‘Blessed are the childless women, the wombs that never bore and the breasts that never nursed!’ Then “‘they will say to the mountains, “Fall on us!” and to the hills, “Cover us!”’ For if people do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?” (end)

Jesus meant by that last sentence that if they (the Romans) were going to crucify Him (who was a green tree – or innocent of all wrong-doing), then how much more will the Romans destroy Jerusalem (who was a dry and dead tree – or guilty nation)? Notice the audience relevance there too. Jesus tells this to the mothers and THEIR CHILDREN. He was focused on them and their own generation!

Josephus also writes in his historical annals, “War of the Jews” that when the Romans had cut off all supplies to Jerusalem in 70AD during the Jews were eating grass, leather belts, etc.. and even a woman who ate her baby. But to back up here for a second, we must put this all in order. When the Bible speaks of the “END TIMES / LAST DAYS” it is not talking about the end of the entire planet, rather, it was talking about the end of the Judaic system. Moses (in Deuteronomy 31:29) told the Israelites that he knew they would turn corrupt in the LATTER DAYS and provoke the Lord’s anger.

We then see other prophets in the OT forewarning of this same thing, and in the book of Daniel in regards to Nebuchadnezzar’s dream (chapter 2) and Daniel’s vision (chapter 7), it describes 4 kingdoms that would succeed each other, and the Lord would come during the 4th and final Kingdom which we know was Rome. This 4th Kingdom (Rome) is key to understanding who was the 666 Anti-Christ Beast. John is writing 7 letters to 7 real churches in Asia Minor (modern day Turkey) in the book of Revelation. He tells them that the number 666 (600, 60, and 6) was a number of a MAN. But he begins by saying LET HE WHO HAS WISDOM, COUNT THE NUMBER.

If John was speaking about some random person in the far off future, then why does he tell his 1st Century audience that if THEY have the wisdom, they can calculate the number of the beast themselves? It would stand to reason, this would mean the Anti-Christ 666 Beast was alive when John wrote this to those 7 churches. So let’s take a look at 1st Century history when John wrote this, and see if there was, indeed, a MAN who fit the description of the 666 Beast number.

2nd Thessalonians 2:2-3 Paul says the ‘Man of Sin’ or ‘Lawless One’ was already alive when Paul wrote this Epistle (see verses 5-8), and there was someone holding him back (Restrainer). The one holding him back was the Roman Emperor Claudius Caesar (ruled over Rome from 41-54AD) who actually banished Jews in Rome (Acts 18:2). This allowed the Christians to live in peace. After Claudius, the next emperor then comes on the scene and repeals this ban on the Jews in Rome, which allows the Jews to persecute and kill Christians in Rome once again.

He also is the first Roman Emperor to persecute Christians in Rome, and by this, he reveals himself as this Man of Sin / Lawless One / Anti-Christ 666 Beast. Let’s go into detail about who he is and how he fits the description of the Beast. In 2nd Thessalonians 2, it also says that the 2nd Coming of Christ would not happen until there was a great falling away (Proper Greek translation is Rebellion or Revolt), and also, the Man of Sin / Lawless One had to be identified. So those two things had to happen before Christ could come back. After Claudius Caesar died, Nero became Emperor. He burnt down 10 out of 14 districts in Rome and blamed it on the Christians. In 64AD, the Romans then began torturing Christians, putting them up in Nero’s gardens as burning candles, feeding them to lions, etc.. This revealed him as the Man of Sin. Two years later (66AD), the Jews revolted against Rome (this was the revolt / rebellion, Paul was speaking of in 2nd Thess. 2).

But wait, it gets even more convincing. The Roman Historian Tacitus wrote that Nero Caesar had been the first Roman Emperor to persecute Christians, and his persecution against Christians lasted exactly 42 MONTHS (from November, A.D. 64 through June, A.D. 68 – Nero’s death).

COMPARE THAT TO

Revelation 13:5 – Beast is given 42 months to conquer God’s holy people.

Tacitus reported that Nero “inflicted unheard-of punishments on those, who, detested for their abominable crimes, were vulgarly called Christians” (Annals 15.44).

The persecution claimed “an immense number and a vast multitude of the elect.” (1 Clement 6).

Side-note on this :
I now understand this to be a false history (also found in other forged documents such as the Epistle of Seneca and an interpolation in Tacitus, I no longer believe Nero persecuted any Christians, but it was through the hands and pens of later Christian authors who cooked up this story for multiple reasons, but, mainly to make it seem as if they were being persecuted for a REAL CAUSE (cause of Christ and gospel).

Also, proper Biblical Eschatology would’ve already had Satan and his minions destroyed in the Lake of Fire by the end of the 1st Century (Paul said in Romans 16:20 that Satan would shortly be destroyed under their feet). The Anti-Christ 666 Beast was Nero Caesar (Roman Emperor from 54-68AD). His name added up to 600-60-6 (666) in Hebrew Gematria. His name also added up to 616 in Latin, which was the number for the Beast in St. Jerome’s Latin Vulgate version.

Roman Historian Suetonius wrote ‘Lives of the Twelve Caesars.’ He describes Nero ‘acting’ very much like a ‘beast.’

“Nero created a game, in which they put an animal cloak (BEAST outfit) on Nero and then put Nero in a cage. While Nero was in the cage, they tied males and females up to a stake. They released Nero from the cage and Nero ravaged them and mauled them (mainly their genitals) as if he were a wild animal or BEAST.”

Nero also claimed to be the Sun God Apollo and many scholars believed he was the first emperor to force everyone in the world to burn a pinch of incense between their fingers and throw it on an altar (leaving a ‘MARK’ in their hand). Then they had to declare with their mouth ‘CAESAR IS LORD.’ Upon doing this, you were given a Libellus, which was a papyrus certificate you needed in order to ‘BUY AND SELL.’

Apollonius of Tyana (15-100AD ; Greek Philosopher) specifically states that Nero Caesar was called a ‘Beast.’

Apollonius writes,
“In my travels, which have been wider than every man yet accomplished, I have seen many, many wild beasts of Arabia and India; but this beast, that is commonly called a Tyrant, I know not how many heads it has, nor if it be crooked of claw, and armed with horrible fangs.. And of wild beasts you cannot say that they were ever known to eat their own mother, but Nero has gorged himself on this diet.”

Slavery in Rome existed early on in its developing stages. For example, in the campaign against the Gauls (59 to 51 BC) it is reported that Julius Caesar and his army captured over a million people and turned them into slaves. Roman slave-masters would use a hot branding tool to imprint their name into the FOREHEADS of their slaves. New slave recruits all the way to gladiators in gladiator schools had Roman tattoos (stigma, from where the English word stigmatized derives) applied as an identifying mark on the face, legs and hands. After Emperor Constantine converted to Christianity, a law was passed in 319AD that made it illegal for slave-masters to brand their slaves on the face and instead had to put their mark (hot branded tattoo) on the hands and legs.

As a recap… :

The actual “Mark of the Beast” was rolled out by Nero Caesar in the 1st Century (the Disciples were expecting Jesus to return in their own lifetime, not a lifetime thousands of years into the future). Nero’s name added up to 666 in Hebrew Gematria and also 616 in Latin (which was the Latin Vulgate Variant). Nero even acted like a ‘Beast’. Roman Historian Suetonius said that Nero created a game in which they dressed Nero in animal skins (BEAST skins) and put him inside of a cage. Then they’d tie people (men and women) to a stake, then they’d let Nero loose from his cage where he’d maul them like a ‘WILD BEAST’. Nero also was accredited as the first to force everyone to engage in the SACRIFICE TO CAESAR where everyone in the world had to burn a pinch of incense in between their fingers (leaving a MARK in the hand) and declare CAESAR IS LORD (leaving a MARK in the forehead). Upon doing this, you were given a papyrus known as a LIBELLUS which you had to have in order to BUY AND SELL.

Also, during this time in Rome, slave-masters would brand their slaves with a hot branding iron on the hands, legs and even face. This was partially outlawed under Constantine in the 4th Century. The Roman Siege on Jerusalem WAS the 2nd Coming of Christ, which lasted from 66-73AD (7 year Tribulation – which John the Revelator says he was already in Tribulation when writing to the 7 Churches).

Jesus came back through the Roman armies to execute judgment on ‘THAT’ generation (Just as Jesus said he would do in Matthew 23 and Matthew 24:34), not a generation thousands of years into the future.

Jesus even said that he would return before some of his 12 disciples tasted physical death (Matthew 16:27-28)

and before his disciples had gone through the cities of Israel (Matthew 10:23).

Then you have all the Apostles declaring that they were :

IN THE LAST HOUR,
THE TIME IS AT HAND
IT’S AT THE DOOR
HE WHO IS COMING WILL COME WITHOUT DELAY,
HE COMES QUICKLY
HE IS COMING SOON
DON’T TAKE A WIFE BECAUSE THE TIME IS ‘SHORT’

etc.. so you see here, even the Apostles themselves were convinced that Christ would come back in their own generation.

—-

In Matthew 24:7 Jesus said that there’d be earthquakes and famines in various places.

Compare to

Acts 11:28 which says “One of them, named Agabus, stood up and through the Spirit predicted that a severe famine would spread over the entire Roman world. (This happened during the reign of Claudius.)”

Many historians also wrote about earthquakes between 30AD and 70AD (the year of the destruction of the Jewish Temple)

1. a great earthquake in Crete, A.D. 46 or 47;

2. one at Rome on the day when Nero assumed the manly toga, A.D. 51;

3. one at Apamaea in Phrygia, mentioned by Tacitus, A.D. 53;

4. one at Laodicea in Phrygia, A.D. 60;

5. one in Campania. Seneca, in the year, A.D. 58, writes:—“How often have cities of Asia and Achaea fallen with one fatal shock! Show many cities have been swallowed up in Syria, how many in Macedonia! How often has Cyprus been wasted by this calamity! How often has Paphos become a ruin! News has often been brought us of the demolition of whole cities at once.”

6. Flavius Josephus (Jewish Historian ; 37-100AD), an eyewitness to the events surrounding Jerusalem’s destruction, describes an earthquake in Judea of such magnitude “that the constitution of the universe was confounded for the destruction of men.” Josephus goes on to write that the Judean earthquake was “no common” calamity, indicating that God Himself had brought it about for a special purpose.

7. Then of course the ‘supposed’ huge earthquake in Acts 16, which allowed Paul and Silas to go free.

—-

MATT 24:15-21 AND LUKE 19:42-44 JESUS TELLS THEM TO FLEE TO THE MOUNTAINS OF JUDEA WHEN THE ROMAN ARMIES SURROUND JERUSALEMAgain, these verses were all written AFTER THE FACT [Vaticinium Ex Eventu], but I want you to see how whoever was writing the eschatological portions of the New Testament, had the writings of Josephus (Jewish Historian ; 37-100AD) sitting right next to them. Jesus tells the disciples that when they see the abomination of desolation (the Roman armies that would be standing in the Temple courts, who came to desolate the place) and the Roman armies encircling the city, to flee to the mountains of Judea and to pray that their flight (ascent to the mountains) be not on the Sabbath (when the gates of the city were closed up, not allowing people to go in or go out) nor in the winter (it would be too cold in the mountains to flee in the winter). Jesus then says that this tribulation time period couldn’t be compared to any other from the beginning of the world.

COMPARE TO WHAT JOSEPHUS SAID BELOW :

Preface, War of the Jews, verse IV says :
“…because it had so come to pass, that our city Jerusalem had arrived at a higher degree of felicity than any other city under the Roman government, and yet at last fell into the sorest of calamities again. Accordingly, it appears to me that the misfortunes of all men, from the beginning of the world, if they be compared to these of the Jews are not so considerable as they were; while the authors of them were not foreigners neither. This makes it impossible for me to contain my lamentations. But if any one be inflexible in his censures of me, let him attribute the facts themselves to the historical part, and the lamentations to the writer himself only.” (end)


Josephus uses the same verbiage as Jesus (it appears the misfortunes of all men, FROM THE BEGINNING OF THE WORLD, are not to be compared to this Roman siege on Jerusalem, etc.. etc.)! Essentially, Josephus was writing about how bad it was for the Jews, and the ‘Bible’ was supposed to have been predicting it beforehand (Jesus prophesying about what was coming within 40 years after his death. This would fulfill what Jesus said about THAT GENERATION not passing away until all those things be fulfilled in Matthew 24:34).


Also in Josephus “Wars 5.10.5” says this about the first century Jews in Israel :“…neither did any other city ever suffer such miseries; nor did any age ever breed a generation more fruitful in wickedness than this was, from the beginning of the world.”
(Compare to Jesus in Matthew 24:21)

Josephus “Wars 6.9.4” says this about when the Jews gathered in Jerusalem for the Passover festival:“Now this vast multitude is indeed collected out of remote places. But the entire nation was now shut up by fate, as in prison; and the Roman army encompassed the city [Jerusalem] when it was crowded with inhabitants. Accordingly the multitude of those that therein perished exceeded all the destructions that either men or God ever brought upon the world.”
(Compare this also to Luke 19:43)

Josephus ‘Wars 6.6.2’ says [Roman General Titus speaking to the Jews]:
“And, what is our chief favour of all, we have given you leave to gather up that tribute which is paid to God; with such other gifts that are dedicated to him. Nor have we called those that carried these donations to account; nor prohibited them. Till at length you became richer than we [Romans] were ourselves, even when you were our enemies: and you made preparations for war against us with our own money. Nay, after all, when you were in the enjoyment of all these advantages, you turned your too great plenty against those that gave it you: and like merciless serpents have thrown out your poison against those that treated you kindly.”

Josephus “Wars 7.1.1” says :
“But for all the rest of the wall, it was so thoroughly laid even with the ground, by those that dug it up to the foundation, that there was left nothing to make those that came thither believe it had ever been inhabited. This was the end which Jerusalem came to, by the madness of those that were for innovations. A city otherwise of great magnificence, and of mighty fame among all mankind.”

(Compare all this to Revelation 17 and Revelation 18 = 1st Century Jerusalem is implied in these chapters as the Whore of Babylon sitting on the Beast which was Rome. Josephus says that Jerusalem had become the wealthiest nation in the entire Roman Empire [even richer than Rome], which is why Revelation talks about the Whore being adorned in splendor with riches, scarlet, gold, jewels, etc.. but then she falls to the sorest of calamities. So we see the enigma or metaphor here of the beast [Rome] turning on the Whore [1st Century Jerusalem] and devouring her and burning her with fire. Remember when Pontius Pilate asked the Jews if Jesus was their king and they all shouted WE HAVE NO KING BUT CAESAR! [John 19:15], this is the reference to the Jews all exclaiming they were subjugated to Rome, but in the end, Rome turns on Jerusalem and destroys their city and burns her with fire).

—-

Matthew 24

Jesus also said that there’d be wars and rumors of wars. This could obviously be applied to any generation, but it was distinct in the first century because Augustus (Octavian) Caesar (the nephew of Julius Caesar ; Julius adopted him as his own son – 63BC-14AD) brought peace to the entire Roman World from 30BC to 180AD. It was known as ‘Pax Romana.’ So when wars, especially civil wars (including the Roman-Jewish War of 66-73AD) broke out all over the empire in the 1st Century, it would’ve been a nuanced ‘sign’ for the audience Jesus would’ve been addressing.

—-

Matthew 23 (also see Luke 11:49-51)

Jesus is up in the Temple reaming out the Pharisees, calling them every pejorative in the Thesaurus. He ends by saying that because they’d persecute and kill him (Jesus) and his disciples, that they (the 1st Century Jews) would be held responsible for the murder of EVERY righteous person who had ever lived, from Abel to Zechariah and that these calamities would come upon THEIR OWN GENERATION. That sounds like quite the hefty judgment right? THE ULTIMATE ONE. And that’s what the 2nd Coming of Christ was referring to. Jesus coming back within their own generation through the Roman armies from 66-73AD (7 year Tribulation) to execute judgment on those first century Jews. (See Matthew 21 parable of the Vineyard owner and notice who understands that this parable is about THEM – not people living thousands of years into the future…, but *THEM*.).

WILL THE WOLF **LITERALLY** LAY DOWN AND LIVE WITH THE LAMB?

Often a cross reference is made between Isaiah 65:25 and Isaiah 11:6-9 with which I fully agree with. Isaiah 65:25 The wolf and the lamb will feed together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox, but dust will be the serpent’s food. They will neither harm nor destroy on all my holy mountain,” says the LORD. However, while I agree with the cross reference, I do not think the cross reference supports the stated position. The case was made that this passage refers to the 1000 year millennium period. But using the context of the cross reference, this is hard to see. The part that certainly ties the two texts together is clear.

In verses 6-9 of Isaiah 11 we see the very same theme declared in Isaiah 65:25. Isaiah 11:6-9 The wolf will live with the lamb, the leopard will lie down with the goat, the calf and the lion and the yearling together; and a little child will lead them. The cow will feed with the bear, their young will lie down together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox. The infant will play near the hole of the cobra, and the young child put his hand into the viper’s nest. They will neither harm nor destroy on all my holy mountain, for the earth will be full of the knowledge of the LORD as the waters cover the sea.

But then we read in verse one, Isaiah 11:1, A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit. This is a clear reference to the coming of Christ. This is further elaborated in verse 10 where Isaiah uses the phrase, “In THAT DAY”. Which “DAY” is he speaking of? Clearly he is speaking the day in which the wolf will lie with the lamb and the wild animals become docile and tame, and a child will play with snakes and lead around large wild formerly carnivorous animals. It is also (based on the context) clearly a reference to the day when the root of Jesse is revealed, for that is what he says in verse 10.


Isaiah 11:10-12 In that day the Root of Jesse will stand as a banner for the peoples; the nations will rally to him, and his place of rest will be glorious. In that day the Lord will reach out his hand a second time to reclaim the remnant that is left of his people from Assyria, from Lower Egypt, from Upper Egypt, from Cush, from Elam, from Babylonia, from Hamath and from the islands of the sea. He will raise a banner for the nations and gather the exiles of Israel; he will assemble the scattered people of Judah from the four quarters of the earth. When is it that the root of Jesse is revealed? We know that this is a reference to his first coming because it declares that in this same day he will “Raise a banner for the nations (that is gentiles).

Even Paul under inspiration of the spirit, writing in Romans 15 uses this verse (Isaiah 11:10) to confirm that Isaiah was speaking of Christ’s first coming. Not only that, but he reaffirms his application of this passage to the gentiles 6 times in the context of Romans 15:9-12 Romans 15:9-12 And that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy; as it is written, For this cause I will confess to thee among the Gentiles, and sing unto thy name. And again he saith, Rejoice, ye Gentiles, with his people. And again, Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles; and laud him, all ye people. And again, Esaias saith, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles trust.

Notice also that in Isaiah 11:11 he includes in the, “In THAT DAY”, statement; the re-gathering of the “Remnant” “of His People”. This is the promised re-gathering of the children of Israel…but only of the remnant of them, not in any way a re-gathering of them en masse. Isaiah 11: 11 In that day the Lord will reach out his hand a second time to reclaim the remnant that is left of his people from Assyria, from Lower Egypt, from Upper Egypt, from Cush, from Elam, from Babylonia, from Hamath and from the islands of the sea. This re-gathering is not in the “millennium” but it is, “In THAT DAY” referring to the same day as the revealing of the “Root of Jesse”, and the same day as the wild animals becoming docile and tame.


This particular re-gathering of the people of Israel is a re-gathering of the remnant into the body of Christ wherein the wall of partition has been broken down and the formerly two men have been made one through the sacrifice of Jesus Christ as is explained by Paul very clearly in Ephesians chapter 2.

Ephesians 2:11-19
“Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands; That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world: But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ. For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us; Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making PEACE; And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby: And came and preached PEACE to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh. For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father. Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellow-citizens with the saints, and of the household of God;”

This is the joining of Jew and Gentile into one body…that had formerly been at enmity with one another. In other words, they were like a lion and a lamb. Left alone, the lion would devour the lamb, but now in Christ in one body, the lion lays peacefully with the lamb. BUT NOW, in Christ, we (Jew and Gentile/Lion and Lamb) are “Made Nigh”, Are “One New Man”, are at “PEACE”, “We Both Have Access”, and “Are No More Strangers and Foreigners” but are “Fellow-citizens”. This is the picture intended by Isaiah in his wild-to-tame illustration. So, what do we have, in Isaiah 65:25? We have the description of wild animals being changed so that they are docile and tame. Then in Isaiah 11:6-9 we have the very same description of wild animals being transformed.

Then in the context of Isaiah 11 we have the time frame clearly laid out for us as the time of the revealing of the Root of Jesse. Paul Then in Romans 15 confirms for us without any doubt that this revelation of the Root of Jesse is clearly the first coming of Christ and the fulfillment of God’s intention to bless the gentiles. How then can this in any way be placed in a time period of a literal 1000 year future millennium? By the clear context of the passages, this must only be the church age beginning with the appearing of Christ in the first century continuing on even until today.

All of this is in reference to the vision that Peter had in Acts 10. Peter went into a trance and saw 3 sheets of unclean animals (unclean according to Leviticus 11). The Lord told him to kill and eat those animals, but Peter rebuked the Lord and said that he had never eaten anything unclean. The Lord tells Peter not to call anything unclean that the Lord has made clean. After Peter has this vision, “three GENTILES” come to his door, asking him to come back with them to the house of the Roman Gentile Cornelius (who had been shown in a vision to go bring Peter back to his house, because Peter would have something to tell him). Cornelius sends two servants and soldier to fetch Peter.

Then Peter’s vision made sense to him. He saw three sheets of ‘unclean’ animals and was told he could eat, and then right afterwards, ‘THREE GENTILES’ come to his door, letting him know it was okay to keep company with them. This is in reference to the Gentiles being made ‘clean’, because originally, it was unclean for the Jews to keep company with the Gentiles. So these visions Peter had, were the same allusion given to us in Isaiah 65 about the wolf laying down with the lamb. These animals which you’d think wouldn’t be able to lie down together, or eat together, but now could lay down or eat together, etc… were all metaphors of the Jews and Gentiles coming together through the ‘root’ of Jesse which was Christ who tore down the wall of separation between the two.

All of these were metaphorical references, describing conditions in the prophesied kingdom, where there will be “on earth, peace, good will towards men….where….”people….shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.” (Luke 2:14; Is. 2:4). The Jews and Gentiles could finally be at peace and unity with one another through Christ.

I’m not a Christian, but your book was never talking about things happening thousands of years into the future. The prophecies that Jesus spoke during the Olivet Discourse in Matthew 24-25 (you could even throw Matthew 23 in there where Jesus was in the Temple saying that the blood of all the righteous from Abel to Zechariah would fall upon the heads of those Jews in the first century ~ That would be quite the hefty judgment right? THE ULTIMATE ONE and that’s what the 2nd Coming Judgment was referring to, the first century judgment upon the 1st Century Jews during the 66-73Ad), Mark 13 and Luke 21 were speaking of things that would take place before their own generation passed (just as Jesus said in Matt. 24:34).

An example, Jesus said that ‘THEY’ (audience relevance and time statements mean a lot) would see wars and hear rumors of wars. This could apply to almost any generation in history, but Augustus (Octavian) Caesar had brought PEACE to the entire known world at that time. It was known as Pax Romana which lasted from 30BC to 180AD. So when wars started breaking out over the empire from 40-70AD, (especially the Roman Siege in 66-73AD) that would’ve been a ‘sign’ that was significant to the Disciples in that first century.

Many even claim that Preterism is the error Jesus warned about in Luke 21 and Paul warned of 2nd Timothy 2.


2 Timothy 2:17-18

“Among them are Hymenaeus and Philetus, men who have gone astray from the truth saying that the resurrection has already taken place, and thus they upset the faith of some.” (end)

To the average Christian, “RESURRECTION” speaks of the reconstitution of individuals as both bodies and souls at the end of time. The writers of scripture, however, have a range of uses for the term “resurrection.” The scriptures use the word to speak of Israel’s national restorations (Isa 26:13-14,19-20; Ez 37), salvation, baptism, the transfer of departed souls from the Old Testament Hades (Heb. sheol) into God’s heaven, and the final state at the end of time. Of these uses, the most overlooked application of the term pertains to the removal and transfer of the Old Testament dead ones from Hades into God’s transcendent heaven–a major New Covenant shift which occurred in conjunction with the destruction of the Old Temple religion at AD 70.

In Old Testament times, the righteous dead did not ascend into heaven but were kept in Hades due to the absence of a covenant sacrifice that cleansed them fully. Christ himself went to this Hades at his death (Acts 2:27,31), before ascending to heaven. Given that the victory over Hades for all the dead was signified in the destruction of the earthly Temple at AD 70–the time of God’s great “visitation” (Luke 19:40-44) and “days of vengeance” (Luke 21:20-22) upon Israel–the teaching of Hymenaeus that the resurrection had already taken place amounted to a form of Judaizing, and thus was rejected as a “gangrene” against the true gospel.

In the mind of the apostle Paul, this error of timing was a damnable Judaizing heresy akin to saying that salvation came through the Old Testament sacrifices and Moses, not Christ. Speaking against Hymenaeus and Philetus, Paul says to Timothy: “But avoid worldly and empty chatter, for it will lead to further ungodliness, and…spread like gangrene. Among them are Hymenaeus and Philetus, men who have gone astray from the truth saying that the resurrection has already taken place, and thus they upset the faith of some.” (2 Tim. 2:16-18)


To grasp the seriousness of this timing error, we recall that St. Paul’s teaching linked the resurrection of the OT dead out of Hades to the destruction of the Old Covenant Temple system (2 Thess 2:1-10; Matt 24:15). This linkage was crucial for one reason: it placed the victory over death and hades outside of the Old Covenant era and Temple system. In saying that the dead had achived their victory while the Old system stood, Hymenaeus and Philetus were in league with the Judaizers who falsely taught that salvation came by keeping the Law covenant of Moses.

It’s important to notice that Paul’s teaching explicitly mentions the dead’s victory over Hades and says that the Law covenant of Moses had stood in the way of their rising (1 Cor 15:54-56). Not only, but Paul routinely rejected all those who taught in one way or another that salvation came through the works of the Law Covenant of Moses:

“You foolish Galatians, who has bewitched you, before whose eyes Jesus Christ was publicly portrayed as crucified? This is the only thing I want to find out from you: did you receive the Spirit by the works of the Law, or by hearing with faith?…as many as are of the works of the Law are under a curse.” (Galatians 3:1-2,10)

“Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the Law but through faith in Christ Jesus, even we have believed in Christ Jesus, so that we may be justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the Law; since by the works of the Law no flesh will be justified….I do not nullify the grace of God, for if righteousness comes through the Law, then Christ died needlessly.” (Galatians 2:16,21)

Behold I, Paul, say to you that if you receive circumcision, Christ will be of no benefit to you. And I testify again to every man who receives circumcision, that he is under obligation to keep the whole Law. You have been severed from Christ, you who are seeking to be justified by law; you have fallen from grace. (Galatians 5:2-4)

No one is to act as your judge in regard to [Jewish] food or drink or in respect to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath day–things which are a mere shadow of what is to come; but the substance belongs to Christ…If you have died with Christ to the elementary principles of the world, why, as if you were living in the world, do you submit yourself to decrees, such as, “Do not handle, do not taste, do not touch!” (which all refer to things destined to perish with use)–in accordance with the commandments and teachings of men? (Colossians 2:16-17,20-22)


This tendency for many early Jews to persist in attributing the full blessedness of salvation to the keeping of the Law of Moses was grave, for it denied the work of Christ’s blood sacrifice and the New Covenant. According to Paul, such people were “bewitched,” “under a curse,” and had “fallen from grace” for saying in essence that Christ died needlessly. The teaching of Hymenaeus and Philetus concerning an early resurrection under the Old Covenant system was one such Judaizing error.

Some have argued that the error of Hymenaeus and Philetus was not one of the timing of resurrection as scripture states, but rather of the nature of resurrection. Aside from the fact that Paul explicitly says “timing” was the error, if the nature of the resurrection to heaven for the OT dead in Hades had been envisioned as a reunion with former bodies lying in earthly graves, a simple visit to any local graveyard of the saints would have sufficed to prove Hymenaeus’ and Philetus’ teaching wrong. But in fact, Paul nowhere says that the nature of the event was in dispute.

To the contrary, Paul in 1 Cor 15:44-49 says the OT dead would be “raised a spiritual body.” When we add that statement to 1 Cor 15:54-56, where Paul speaks about the dead in Hades getting victory over the Law Covenant; and when we also see that 1 Thess 4:13-17 is linked to the desecration of the Temple at 2 Thess 2:1-10; it combines to prove that Paul is speaking of the exit of the OT dead from Hades at the full end of the Old Testamental period in AD 70.

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MORE POINTS TO CONSIDER :Revelation Chapters 17 and 18 speak about Mystery Babylon (which was 1st Century Jerusalem).

In Revelation 17, we see a depiction of a HARLOT riding upon a BEAST. This Harlot was sitting upon the beast like a Queen, dressed very well in jewels, gold, pearls, and scarlet. The Mystery Babylon Harlot who dressed like a Queen with fancy clothes and jewels was Israel (particularly Jerusalem) and the Beast was Rome. When Pontius Pilate asked the Jews if they wanted their king (Jesus) to be crucified, the Jews all said, ‘WE HAVE NO KING BUT CAESAR!” (John 19:15).

The Jews made their allegiance to Rome and Caesar, which is why the harlot (Jerusalem) was depicted riding upon the Beast (Rome). Finally, the Beast (during the reign of Nero Caesar) turns on the harlot (Israel), when the Jews revolt against Rome. Rome devours her and burns her with fire in 70AD. The descriptions in Revelation are blatant and obviously speaking about Rome (The beast) and Harlot (Jerusalem).

In 62AD the Jews killed James, (Christians claimed this was the brother of Jesus Christ but it was the brother of Jesus, Son of Damneus), during Passover. Afterwards a man named Joshua began YELLING and prophesying at the top of his lungs (especially during the Jewish Festivals and Feasts) that disaster was coming to Jerusalem. He yelled this every day, for 7 years and 5 months.

Here is what Historian Josephus said :“Joshua [also transliterated as Jesus], son of Ananias, a rude peasant, who, standing in the Temple, suddenly began to cry out,‘A voice from the east,a voice from the west,a voice from the four winds;a voice against Jerusalem and the sanctuary,a voice against the bridegroom and the bride,a voice against all the people.’Day and night he went about all the alleys with this cry on his lips. Some of the leading citizens, incensed at these ill-omened words, arrested the fellow and severely chastised him. But he without a word on his own behalf or for the private ear of those who smote him only continued his cries as before.Thereupon, the magistrates, supposing, as was indeed the case that the man was under some supernatural impulse, brought him before the Roman governor; there, although flayed to the bone with scourges, he neither sued for mercy nor shed a tear, but, merely introducing the most mournful of variations into his ejaculation [words from his mouth], responded to each stroke with ‘Woe to Jerusalem!’When Albinus, the [Roman] governor asked him who [he was] and whence he was [where he came from] and why he uttered these cries, he answered him never a word, but unceasingly reiterated his dirge over the city, until Albinus pronounced him a maniac and let him go.During the whole period up to the outbreak of the war he neither approached nor was seen talking to any of the citizens, but daily, like a prayer that he had conned repeated his lament, ‘Woe to Jerusalem!’ He neither cursed any of those who beat him from day to day, nor blessed those who offered him food: to all men that melancholy presage was his one reply. His cries were loudest at the festivals.So for seven years and five months he continued his wail, his voice never flagging nor his strength exhausted, until the siege, having seen his presage verified, he found his rest. For, while going his round and shouting in piercing tones from the wall, ‘Woe once more to the city and to the people and to the Temple,’ as he added a last word, ‘and woe to me also,’ a stone hurled from the ballista struck and killed him on the spot. So with those ominous words still on his lips he passed away.”
– (Josephus, War of the Jews, book 6)

This above (about James – who Christians CLAIMED was the Brother of Jesus, but was not, just another cooked up story for the narrative) being killed in 62AD ties into what Jesus said. Jesus said in Matthew 23, that He would send teachers, sages, and wise men (such as James) to the Jews, but the Jews would scourge them, persecute them, imprison them, and even kill them. Jesus said the Jews’ would be punished for it, and that they’d be held responsible for the murder of every righteous person that had EVER LIVED (from Abel to Zechariah). That’s quite the hefty judgment don’t you think?! Jesus goes further by saying that this judgment would come upon THEM, IN THEIR OWN GENERATION (not a generation thousands of years in the future).


The Temple also ties into Jerusalem being Mystery Babylon. Let’s take a closer look at why :


The War of the Jews Book 5 chapter 5 verse 4 chronicled by Flavius Josephus (Historian who kept records of what took place during the siege on Jerusalem in 70 AD) :


“This house (The Temple in Jerusalem before it was destroyed in 70 A.D.), was divided into two parts, the inner part was lower than the appearance of the outer, and had golden doors of fifty-five cubits altitude, and sixteen in breadth; but before these doors there was a veil of equal largeness with the doors. It was a *BABYLONIAN* curtain, embroidered with BLUE, and FINE LINEN, and SCARLET, and PURPLE, and of a contexture that was truly wonderful.” (end)


Compare that to what John wrote in Revelation below :


Revelation 17:4-5 “The harlot was dressed in PURPLE and SCARLET, and was glittering with GOLD, precious stones and pearls. She held a golden cup in her hand, filled with abominable things and the filth of her adulteries. This title was written on the harlot’s *FOREHEAD* : MYSTERY “BABYLON” THE GREAT MOTHER OF PROSTITUTES AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.”

Many expect a new temple to be rebuilt but that wasn’t the proper interpretation of eschatology either. The NT was clearly talking about human beings as the Temple of God, not a physical temple built of bricks and mortar. Read below :

Ezekiel 37:27 My tabernacle also shall be with them: yea, I will be their God, and they shall be my people.

COMPARE WITH THESE VERSES BELOW :

Revelation 21:3 And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God. (end)

2nd Corinthians 6:16 and what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. (end)

What Ezekiel prophesied, was what John saw in the New Heaven/New Earth/New Jerusalem; and was what Paul said had already come in the 1st century

READ THESE VERSES AS WELL :

*(Isaiah 66:1-2; John 2:18-22; Acts 7:47-50; Acts 17:22-31; 1 Corinthians 3:16; 1 Corinthians 6:19; Ephesians 2:20-21; Ezekiel 37:27; John 14:23; 2 Corinthians 6:16; 1 Peter 2:4-5; John 2:18-21; 1 Chronicles 17:1-15; Luke 1:26-37; Luke 17:20-21; Matthew 12:6; Revelation 3:20; Revelation 21:3)*
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Jesus sent his disciples out to specifically go preach to the cities of Israel, not to the Samaritans or the gentiles (Matthew 10:5) and told them that if anyone in these cities did not receive them, to just wipe the dust off their feet as a testimony of judgment upon them and that the judgment that came upon Sodom would be less severe than what was coming upon those 1st Century cities in Israel. Jesus says that those days (when he would come back in judgment) would be as the days of Noah (Matt 24:37-39 and Luke 17:26).


Jesus also states that had the miracles done in Chorazin and Bethsaida (cities on the northern shore of the Sea of Galilee) been done in Tyre and Sidon, that these two wicked cities would have repented, (in the OT, Tyre and Sidon were prophesied against in Isaiah 23; Jeremiah 25; 27; 47; Ezekiel 26–28; Joel 3; Amos 1:9–10; Zechariah 9:1–4 and it was Nebuchadnezzar who besieged Tyre from 585–572 BC and Alexander the Great conquered Tyre in 322 BC, completely destroying the city. The Persian king Artaxerxes III conquered Sidon c. 346 BC), thus, Jesus is exclaiming that the Jews of the first century (if they rejected his disciples’ gospel message) would have a harsher judgment in their particular city in the first century, than Sodom (or Tyre and Sidon) did on the day of theirs in the Old Testament (Matt 10:5-23 ; Matt 11:22-24 ; Luke 10:12-14).

And Revelation 11:8 says that the city [1st Century Jerusalem] was also figuratively called “Sodom” and Egypt (the 1st Century Jews specifically in and around Jerusalem had become the very evil people and wicked cities that god had destroyed before, hence, Revelation refers to 1st Century Jerusalem as Egypt and Sodom).

How do we know it’s 1st Century Jerusalem?

Revelation 18 identifies this Babylon FIVE TIMES as that “Great City.”  In chapter 11, the “Great City” is identified as the city “where also our Lord was crucified.”

That is an interpretive phrase.  Notice John is initially told that this “Great City” is spiritually called “Sodom and Egypt.”  In the Bible, there is only ONE city that is ever spiritually designated as “Sodom.”  (Isaiah 1, Ezekiel 16, Ezekiel 23).

In Deuteronomy 32:32, Yahweh said that in Israel’s Last Days, she would become the VINE OF SODOM and in Galatians 4:22, Paul identifies Old Covenant Jerusalem as Hagar who was the EGYPTIAN Bondwoman in Genesis 21:9-10.
COMPARE TO WHAT JOSEPHUS SAID BELOW :

We see similar sentiments made by Josephus in his historical annals, where Roman Emperor Vespasian and his son Titus wage war on Jerusalem [66-73AD] and all the Jewish cities surrounding it, razing them to the ground. Josephus says the very same thing as Jesus here that these [1st Century] Jews were more evil and wicked than Sodom or the ancient world with Noah before the flood or even the Jews who were delivered out of Egypt and then rebelled in the wilderness against Moses.

Josephus says this in Wars 5.13.6 below :“I suppose that had the Romans made any longer delay in coming against these villains, that the city [Jerusalem] would either have been swallowed up by the ground opening upon them, or been overflowed by water; or else been destroyed by such thunder, as the country of Sodom perished by. For it had brought forth a generation of men much more atheistical than were those that suffered such punishments. For by their madness it was that all the people came to be destroyed.”

A side-note here on this, Tyre and Sidon were actually attacked during the Roman siege in 66-73AD as well. Joseph Atwill (author of ‘Caesar’s Messiah’) says that Luke’s prophecy concerning Capernaum foresees the total annihilation of the Jewish rebels in Book three of Wars and the relatively less destructive events against Tyre and Sidon earlier in the war against the Jews [66-73AD] Josephus,

Wars 3.8 The people of the country call it Capernaum [northern shore of Galilee Sea ; Bethsaida and Chorazin region]….

9. …one might see the lake all bloody, and full of bodies, for not one of them escaped… The number of the slain,… was six thousand and five hundred.

Jewish Wars Book 2.5.478-479 (lesser judgment) below :

Tyre : Jews were killed but a greater number placed in prison…


Sidon : Jews were spared…

Also, Josephus says in Wars 3.9.3, Wars 3.10.9 and Wars 4.7.6 that the Sea of Galilee in northern Israel, the Jordan River and the Dead Sea were so full of dead [Jewish] bodies that both the sea and river streams became like blood and the Jordan River specifically could not be passed over because of all the dead bodies.

He even says in Wars 3.4.1 that Galilee was allover filled with blood and fire. This is what Revelation 16 said happened when the 2nd and 3rd angels poured out their bowls and the water sources (rivers, sea and streams) all became like blood.

BLACK HORSE OF APOCALYPSE

Revelation 6 talks about the four horsemen of the apocalypse and the Black Horse rider rides with scales in its hands, to represent the famine and poor economic situation.

Revelation 6:5-6
“And when the Lamb opened the third seal, I heard the third living creature say, “Come!” Then I looked and saw a black horse, and its rider held in his hand a pair of scales. And I heard what sounded like a voice from among the four living creatures, saying, “A quart of wheat for a denarius, and three quarts of barley for a denarius, and do not waste the oil and wine.”

COMPARE TO :

Josephus also described a sacrilegious act involving oil and wine. It was carried out by one of the Zealot leaders, John Levi of Gischala in ‘Wars 5.13.6’ :
“But as for John, when he could no longer plunder the people, he betook himself to sacrilege, and melted down many of the sacred utensils, which had been given to the temple; as also many of those vessels which were necessary for such as ministered about holy things, the caldrons, the dishes, and the tables; nay, he did not abstain from those pouring vessels that were sent them by Augustus and his wife; for the Roman emperors did ever both honor and adorn this temple; whereas this man, who was a Jew, seized upon what were the donations of foreigners, and said to those that were with him, that it was proper for them to use Divine things, while they were fighting for the Divinity, without fear, and that such whose warfare is for the temple should live of the temple; on which account he emptied the vessels of that sacred wine and oil, which the priests kept to be poured on the burnt-offerings, and which lay in the inner court of the temple, and distributed it among the multitude, who, in their anointing themselves and drinking, used [each of them] above an hin of them.”

Josephus in Wars 5.13.7, says that the famine had been so bad in Jerusalem during the siege, that a medimnus (about 60 liters or quarts) of wheat sold for a Hebrew Talent (6,000 to 8,000 Denarius).

Here is the full passage,
“As also that a medimnus of wheat, was sold for a talent: and that when, a while afterward, it was not possible to gather herbs, by reason the city was all walled about…”

And here Josephus says this about barley and wheat in ‘Wars 5.10.2’ :
“Many there were indeed who sold what they had for one measure; it was of wheat, if they were of the richer sort; but of barley, if they were poorer. When these had so done, they shut themselves up in the inmost rooms of their houses, and ate the corn they had gotten; some did it without grinding it, by reason of the extremity of the want they were in, and others baked bread of it, according as necessity and fear dictated to them: a table was nowhere laid for a distinct meal, but they snatched the bread out of the fire, half-baked, and ate it very hastily.”

So here you see, both John and Josephus spoke of the great difficulty that people had, during the famine of 70 AD, just to obtain wheat and barley. They had to spend a day’s wage, or sell all that they had, just to obtain one measure. Notice that both John and Josephus singled out these same two food items.

—–

God had married Himself to Israel in the Old Testament (Jeremiah 3:14; Jeremiah 31:32; Hosea 2), which is KEY to understanding why Israel was Mystery Babylon – The Mother of all Prostitutes (which God said was written on her FOREHEAD – Revelation 17:5).

COMPARE THIS BELOW TO REVELATION 17 AS WELL :

Jeremiah 3:3 Therefore the showers have been withheld, and the spring rain has not come, yet you (Israel) have the FOREHEAD of a harlot because you refuse to be ashamed.

Jeremiah 3:8 I gave faithless Israel her certificate of divorce and sent her away because of all her adulteries and playing the harlot. Yet I saw that her unfaithful sister Judah had no fear. She also went out and became a harlot.

Exodus 28, God told the Jewish priests to wear clothing of PURPLE, SCARLET, BLUE, AND GOLD, and to attach to their turbans (FOREHEADS) a GOLD PLATE which read, ‘HOLY TO THE LORD.’ Josephus also says that the Temple (before it was destroyed in 70AD) was divided into two parts with huge golden doors, but before these doors was a huge ‘BABYLONIAN’ curtain (veil) embroidered with BLUE, FINE LINEN, SCARLET, AND PURPLE (“The War of the Jews” by Josephus, Book 5, chapter 5, verse 4).

God mocked the Israelites for their worship of (and sacrifices to) false gods (Ezekiel 20), and also, for Israel’s dependence upon powerful nations. God saw this as Israel cheating on Him, since HE married Himself to Israel.

In Ezekiel 23 God says He was going to turn all of Israel’s lovers against Israel (such as Babylon under Nebuchadnezzar). This same illustration is applied to Israel and Rome during the 1st Century. Israel depended on Rome (John 19:15), and God turned Rome against Israel in the end (70AD). Jesus describes this whole scenario by saying the Roman siege on Jerusalem supposedly 40 years beforehand (even though I’m starting to agree that Jesus was a fictional character) :

Matthew 24:21 Jesus said,
“For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be.” (end)

COMPARE TO WHAT JOSEPHUS SAID BELOW :

Preface, War of the Jews, verse 4 says :
“…because it had so come to pass, that our city Jerusalem had arrived at a higher degree of felicity than any other city under the Roman government, and yet at last fell into the sorest of calamities again. Accordingly, it appears to me that the misfortunes of all men, from the beginning of the world, if they be compared to these of the Jews are not so considerable as they were; while the authors of them were not foreigners neither. This makes it impossible for me to contain my lamentations. But if any one be inflexible in his censures of me, let him attribute the facts themselves to the historical part, and the lamentations to the writer himself only.” (end)

Josephus uses the same verbiage as Jesus (it appears the fortunes of all men, FROM THE BEGINNING OF THE WORLD, are not to be compared to this Roman siege on Jerusalem, etc.. etc.)! Notice also there in the Preface to ‘War of the Jews’ by Josephus, that he makes mention of Jerusalem being the most FELICITOUS (prosperous) city in the entire Roman Empire. This ties in to Revelation 18 about Babylon the Great City, which had great wealth, great resources, etc.. and all the merchants of the sea were crying when they saw this great city destroyed, because they traded with her. This Great city of Babylon was ‘FELICITOUS’ (prosperous), which fits the description here of Jerusalem, according to Josephus.

Preface, War of the Jews, verse 4 says :
“…because it had so come to pass, that our city Jerusalem had arrived at a higher degree of felicity than any other city under the Roman government, and yet at last fell into the sorest of calamities….” (end)

Matthew 23:37 Jesus says, “Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you who kill the prophets and stone those sent to you..,” (end)

Jesus clearly identifies Jerusalem as the ones who killed the prophets throughout antiquity. He also says in Matthew 23, verses 34-35 that the Jews would also kill, crucify, and persecute Him (Jesus) and all of Jesus’ disciples. So as punishment, these apostate Jews would be held responsible for the murder of EVERY RIGHTEOUS PERSON THAT HAD EVER LIVED (from Abel to Zechariah). That’s quite the hefty judgment which would happen in THEIR OWN LIFETIME! (verse 36). So Jesus identifies who would be held responsible for the murder of all the righteous saints, prophets and righteous men (from Abel to Zechariah) and in Revelation 17:6, it portrays the HARLOT (A.K.A. Mystery Babylon) being drunk on the blood of the saints and prophets (also read Rev. 16:6, Rev. 16:19, Rev. 18:24, & Rev. 19:2).

The answer to this is JERUSALEM (1st Century Jerusalem to be exact). Josephus even says as much in Wars 5.8.2, that they (Jews fighting the Romans in 70AD) had drunk the blood of the city (in reference to the seditions and differing factions of Jews fighting each other, murdering each other, destroying their own supplies and even setting fire to their own holy temple).

Wars 5.10.4 also says,
“And he who was utterly despoiled of what he had by Simon, was sent back again to John. As of those who had been already plundered by John, Simon got what remained. Insomuch that they drank the blood of the populace to one another, and divided the dead bodies of the poor creatures between them.”

Jesus told the Jews that Moses would be their judge (John 5:45) since they put hope in him rather than Christ. According to the Law of Moses, if a wife was caught in the act of adultery, she would be stoned to death. The Historian Josephus wrote that the Romans used catapults which launched white stones (color of hail) the size of a talent (75-100 lbs. each) into Jerusalem (compare to Rev. 16:21). God literally stoned his old adulterous wife (1st Century Jerusalem), just as Jesus said, they’d be judged by “Moses” (Mosaic Law). Now that I’ve identified Israel as the Harlot – Mystery Babylon, let me try to drive the point home.

The number ‘7’ is prevalent throughout the book of Revelation.
7 Angels,
7 cups,
7 vials,
7 seals,

etc.. (mostly dealing with 7 different forms of JUDGMENT).

These 7-FOLD JUDGMENTS correlated to what God told the Israelites in Leviticus chapter 26, that if they obeyed Him, He would bless them, but if they continued to disobey, then He would punish them 7 TIMES OVER.

Leviticus 26:18
“If after all this you will not listen to me, I will punish you for your sins seven times over.” (also see verses 21, 24, 28).

In Revelation 19:2 , we see God being extolled, praised, venerated and exalted for finally destroying the harlot (mystery Babylon – the mother of all prostitutes, which was 1st Century Jerusalem). It ends the verse by saying that He has avenged and vindicated all of the saints and servants of God. Why did I say the Mystery Babylon Harlot was 1st Century Jerusalem? Well, who did Jesus say would be held responsible for the murder of all the righteous and all the saints and all the prophets? You’ll find the answer in Matthew 23:34-37.

AS A RECAP :

In the Old Covenant, God’s Wife is “Israel.” God graciously took this small nation and “married” Himself to it. (Jeremiah 3:14; Jeremiah 31:32; Hosea 2). But Israel was acting like a HARLOT. She was an adulterous wife chasing after foreign lovers (gods/goddesses). Then God sends His lawyers (prophets, scribes, and wise men, and finally His only Son) to challenge them. They come against Israel and bring a “case or charge” against her. God calls “witnesses” in this trial against her in Isaiah 1:2. Hear Oh heavens, and give ear oh earth.. The “charge against her is in Isaiah 1:21. This faithful city (Jerusalem) has become a HARLOT! God is the Judge sitting on His throne. (Revelation 4:2)
Then God has a scroll (bill of divorcement against Israel) in His hand, which has the 7 seals in it. (Revelation 5:1) HE is divorcing this Harlot so that He can take a new bride, just as He alluded to in Jeremiah 3:8.


Jeremiah 3:8 God says, “I gave faithless Israel her certificate of divorce and sent her away because of all her adulteries and playing the whore. Yet I saw that her unfaithful sister Judah had no fear. She also went out and became a Harlot.”

Going back to the scroll with the SEVEN seals, which we know were all judgments being poured out upon the land, we see that God made it clear to Israel that if she did not obey HIM, that HE would punish her SEVEN times over for her sins in Leviticus chapter 26 verses 18,21,24,28. So you see that this was just a fulfillment of what God said He would do to the Israelites for backsliding and remaining in disobedience. SEVEN times more punishment with SEVEN Seals. It adds up.

When a woman or man was caught in the act of “adultery” they were “stoned to death” in (Leviticus 20:10). Therefore this was God’s judgment upon Israel (His adulteress wife). One of the judgments was found in Revelation 16:21 which says “Great hailstones from heaven fell upon men. Every hailstone was the weight of a talent (75 lbs.). God stoned her (Israel) to death for her adultery. THE COLOR OF HAIL IS WHITE.

Read this below :
Josephus writes in ‘Wars of the Jews’, book 5 chapter 6 and verse 3 below :“The engines [i.e., catapults], that all the legions had ready prepared for them, were admirably contrived; but still more extraordinary ones belonged to the tenth legion: those that threw darts and those that threw stones, were more forcible and larger than the rest, by which they not only repelled the excursions of the Jews, but drove those away that were upon the walls also. Now, the stones that were cast, were of the WEIGHT OF A TALENT, and were carried two furlongs and further. The blow they gave was no way to be sustained, not only by those that stood first in the way, but by those that were beyond them for a great space. As for the Jews, they at first watched the coming of the stone, for it was a WHITE COLOR.” (end)

Josephus – War of the Jews, book 4, chapter 7, verse 6 also writes this below : “Now this destruction that fell upon the Jews, .. not only the whole country through which they fled was filled with slaughter, but also the Jordan could not be passed over, by reason of the dead bodies that were in it, as well as Lake Asphaltiris [Dead Sea] which was also full of dead bodies, that were carried down into it by the river.”

Compare to what John wrote here below in Revelation :

Revelation 14:20
Then the winepress was stomped outside the city, and blood poured out of the winepress up to the height of horses’ bridles for a distance of 1600 furlongs (200 miles).”

The Jordan river, connecting both the Sea of Galilee (Northern Israel) and the Dead Sea (further south) included, would be about distance of roughly 1,600 furlongs, or 200 miles. Historian Josephus said that the Jordan was so full of blood and dead bodies (during Roman siege on Jerusalem circa 70AD) that they couldn’t cross the Jordan River.

Therefore, Revelation is teaching us that He divorces His people (Israel) for killing His only Begotten Son (Jesus Christ). Jesus Himself gives reference to this event while He is still on earth when He used a parable of a Vineyard owner who went away on a trip. (Matthew 21:33-45) The Vineyard owner sends servants to go back and see how the tenants are handling His Vineyard, and the tenants kill them all. Finally He decides to send His Son back to check on His vineyard, and the tenants kill the Vineyard Owner’s Son as well.

After that, Jesus asks them what they think the Vineyard owner will do when He comes back. They all said that He will kill those evil tenants and give the Vineyard to other tenants who will properly care for it. But notice what the straw was that finally broke the camel’s back for the Vineyard Owner. It was when they killed His Son (Jesus). 37 years after Jesus’ death, God used the Romans to do His judging for Him. The Romans ransacked Jerusalem, and destroyed the Temple in 70AD.

Coincidentally after this takes place, we see in Revelation 19:6-9 that this is the MARRIAGE SUPPER OF THE LAMB. After the Old wife is destroyed, The Lord takes for Himself a new bride right there on the spot. John sees in Revelation 21:10 a holy city coming out of heaven (NEW Jerusalem) which is a BRIDE adorned for her husband. This is to replace the OLD bride that was justly judged. Now because of this final transgression against Him (the murder of His Son), God finally divorces her, capitally punishes her, and then takes a New bride by marrying the Church. The New Covenant of marriage between God and man is through believing in Jesus Christ. The physical lineage of Israel has no bearing on being united with God any longer. For there is neither Gentile nor JEW in Christ. (Galatians 3:26-29; Colossians 3:11). So according to the Christian narrative, we are all one through the same marriage covenant which can only come through believing in His Son Jesus Christ. That’s the gist.

So we clearly see, that the Roman siege on Jerusalem from 66-73AD (which was the 7 YEAR TRIBULATION BTW) *WAS* the 2nd Coming of Christ (in proper context, I do not believe Jesus ever existed in the first place, but I’m playing on YOUR FIELD to help you understand what your own book was referring to). Josephus (Jewish Historian of first century) said that this Roman siege on Jerusalem was worse than anything else from the beginning of the world (see : Preface of “War of the Jews” vs. 4).

The Whore of Babylon was referring to 1st Century Jerusalem, which according to Josephus was the most felicitous and prosperous nation within the Roman Empire during that time period. Read Revelation 17-18 about how wealthy this Whore was. The whore was sitting upon the Beast (This Beast imagery was a generic term referring to Rome). Remember what the Jews said when Pontius Pilate asked if Jesus was their king? The Jews all said that they had no king except CAESAR! (John 19:15). The Jews were depending on Caesar and Rome (which is why the imagery is of the Whore [Israel] sitting on the Beast [Rome]).


We can see this same allusion in the Old Testament with God criticizing Israel from depending on the nations and kings around them instead of depending upon God for their strength and protection. The same was true for the 1st Century Jews, they depended on Caesar and Rome. The imagery then turns sinister when the Beast turns on this beautiful Whore, by devouring her and burning her with fire. Josephus writes that basically Israel and in particular Jerusalem, was turned into a huge fire pit. There were fires started by the Romans far and wide. Even the Jordan River could not be passed over, because the dead bodies of Jews were stacked so high in the River.

Everything the Bible prophesied about in regard to these end times events, took place within 40 years after Jesus ‘supposedly’ existed. Though it’s my contention that they were all written AFTER THE FACT (after the Roman siege on Jerusalem in 66-73AD) since they were all so spot on accurate. And there was no one contemporaneous author in the first Century who wrote anything about Jesus or his disciples after him. The only thing we have comes from the 2nd Century. Certainly, if Jesus and his disciples / apostles lived in the first century and did all those miraculous deeds, SOMEONE SOMEWHERE would’ve written about them but they did not.

Also a side-note, Augustus Caesar was also known as the SON OF GOD or the SON OF DIVINE JULIUS (he was adopted by Julius as his son, but was really his nephew). And we also see that the Poets and Tragedians as well as the Historians were acting as PROPAGANDISTS (similar to FAKE NEWS MEDIA Today) for the elite rulers. In this instance, they wrote poetic literature for Julius Caesar and Augustus Caesar for example and claimed that they descended from a family lineage that comprised of heroes of old who were half-human and half-god (in the case of Julius Caesar, they claimed he descended from Aeneas who was born from a human prince named Anchises and the Goddess Aphrodite – Venus. He was also of the same lineage as Romulus and Remus who were sons of the God Mars and the Vestal Virgin Rhea Silvia – making them half god and half humans – sons of a VIRGIN ~ The twin named Romulus was eponymous for ‘Rome’ since he eventually killed his brother Remus and founded Rome on his own).

Then the Poets such as Ovid (Metamorphoses) and Virgil (Aeneid) as well as the Historians (such as Suetonius) wrote that they saw a shooting comet in the sky after Julius Caesar’s death and they claimed that it was Julius’s soul being deified in the heavens. His adopted son (nephew) Octavian Augustus Caesar used this as propaganda to claim that this gave him (Augustus) the right to become Emperor since he was now the ‘Son of God Julius’ (Divus Julius) as well as the Son of the Sun God Apollo. The historians wrote that his mother Atia Balba was impregnated by God Apollo in the form of a serpent in the temple of Apollo – she was also said to be a very devout and innocent woman who could not stand to be around ‘sinfulness’. (SOUND FAMILIAR?).

She and her husband Gaius Octavius both had dreams during that time. Atia dreamed that her vitals ascended to heaven and stretched out over land and sea. Octavius (Augustus’s father) said he dreamed that the “SUN” Rose from Atia’s womb. (Sound familiar again?) This propaganda worked! The reason the Senate killed Julius Caesar in the first place was because they thought he wanted to be King or Emperor. So their whole goal of killing him BACKFIRED because now, his adopted son Augustus Caesar became the first Emperor of Rome. BTW, this story was clearly stolen by the Roman Propagandists from the ‘fake story’ surrounding Alexander the Great, three centuries prior. Alexander the Great was the son of king Philip of Macedonia and queen Olympias, who were obviously human, yet he claimed to be the son of a god. As a consequence, stories about his miraculous procreation were needed.

In section 2-3 of his “Life of Alexander”, the Greek author Plutarch of Chaeronea shows us what was invented. Alexander the Great’s birth was also said to have had meteorological omens surrounding it. Plutarch tells us that both King Philip II of Macedon and Olympias (Alexander’s parents), were sent dreams from the gods announcing Alexander’s birth. Olympias dreamed that her womb was struck by lightning, while Philip dreamed that he put a seal on his wife’s womb in the image of a lion. Most significant, though, is the report that Philip spied on Olympias through a peep-hole in the door to her bedroom and saw a divine serpent sleeping next to her, which he took as a sign that he should avoid sleeping with her himself, since it was clear that she was to conceive from a divine rather than human source.

They claimed that it was Zeus (in the form of a serpent) who lay with his wife Olympias and thus, it was Zeus who was Alexander the Great’s real father, and not Philip II. Augustus was also known as the ‘PRINCE OF PEACE’ After he became emperor, Augustus then had brought PEACE to the Roman Empire. It was called PAX ROMANA which lasted from 30 BC to 180 AD. This is why Augustus Caesar was also known as the ‘Prince of Peace.’ (BTW, this is also why the warnings of Jesus in the Olivet Discourse about ‘wars and rumors of wars’ would’ve been significant to that first century audience.

Those signs could apply to any generation but they were huge red flags in the 1st century during Pax Romana [peace in Rome] via Augustus Caesar. So when wars and civil wars broke out (which they did) that would’ve been the cue to flee to the mountains of Judea just as Jesus told them to) By 6 B.C. Augustus Caesar’s subject had this inscribed on a government building (Priene Inscription)

READ BELOW :

“The most divine Caesar . . . we should consider equal to the Beginning of all things . . . for when everything was falling [into disorder] and tending toward dissolution, he restored it once more and gave the whole world a new aura; Caesar . . . the common good Fortune of all . . . The beginning of life and vitality . . . All the cities unanimously adopt the birthday of the divine Caesar as the new beginning of the year . . . Whereas the Providence which has regulated our whole existence . . . has brought our life to the climax of perfection in giving to us (the emperor) Augustus . . .who being sent to us and our descendants as Savior, has put an end to war and has set all things in order; and [whereas,] having become [god] manifest, Caesar has fulfilled all the hopes of earlier times . . . the birthday of the god [Augustus] has been for the whole world the beginning of good news concerning him.” (Any of that sound familiar?)

And to put the Christian story in context wit the surrounding area. The Greeks and Romans were notorious for writing about mythical events long after the fact. For example, the Trojan War supposedly happened around the 13th or 12th Century BC, but wasn’t written about until 500 years later by Greek Poet Homer, and it’s obvious that this war (if it even happened) wasn’t as Homer or Hesiod details, since it incorporated a lot of mythological aspects, including heroes who were half men and half gods (demigods ~ just like Jesus ~ born of a god and born of a human).

They most likely did the same thing with the Bible and New Testament especially with this Jesus character. They wrote about all those events AFTER THE FACT (Post-Diction) and then simply slipped a demigod character (Jesus) with some of his followers with mythical powers as well, into the story and made it seem as if Jesus and his apostles were prophesying about them beforehand. At the very MOST the gospels of the Bible were a literary work of ‘euhemerism.’ Look up a video series entitled ‘EXCAVATING THE EMPTY TOMB’ here on Youtube. You’ll never read the Bible the same way again. GUARANTEED!

Here is the link for that video series below

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